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MMW3 Midterm 1 study guide

MMW3 Midterm 1 study guide - Group 1 Greeks in Asia and...

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Group 1 Greeks in Asia and Africa Thesis: Hellenism is overall the consequence of Alexander the Great’s conquests and his attempt to unify his empire. Greek culture was unified through the use of Hellenism as a tool to administrate his empire. E-reading: Thesis: The Ptolemaic dynasty was extremely xenophobic and did not want to integrate with the people that they ruled. Failed to learn the Egyptian language and had no interest in civilizing people. Ruling Greeks were resented by their subjects due to lack of integration. Key Terms: Hellenisticism o Fusion of eastern and western cultures, more influence from the east o Named after alexander the great o Refers not to Greece but Greek culture that spread through the world o Age of diversity o Koine Easy form of Greek to learn Facilitated communication between people Alexandria o Intellectual, economic and political center for the Hellenistic world o Was not located in Greece ironically o Jews Large concentration of Jewish community in Alexandria Tension between Jews and Greeks o Ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty o Schools of thought Diogenes Cosmopolites o Be free from conventional rules of society o Citizens of the world Epicurus Pleasure is the goal of life Nothing beyond life, enjoy life while you had it Stoicism Believed that a divine mind had created everything and that people were here for a reason Happiness comes when you accept your place in life o Mouseion Center for plays and scholars to showcase o Gymnasion Place of Greek culture Circumcision seen as barbaric; symbol of shame Religious cults o Offered “eternal life” o Manetho
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Egyptian priest who created the Rosetta Stone Passage translated in Latin, Egyptian, and Greek Allowed future people to understand Egyptian history Significant because no one in the Ptolemaic dynasty bothered to learn Egyptian up until Cleopatra o Isis Egyptian goddess of fertility Included o Mithras Persian God o Cybele Comes from Anatolia o Spread west through popularity and became a social phenomenon in the western cultures Ptolemaic Dynasty o One of Alexander’s generals who was placed in charge of Egypt o His lineage ruled Egypt until the Romans came o Never bothered to learn Egyptian o Greek was the administrative language Seleucid o One of Alexander’s generals who took over Anataloia (Turkey) I. Theme: The adoption of Greek culture by the Jewish community II. Hellenistic World A. Cleopatra VII 1. Last Greek queen and first Greek leader to learn Egyptian B. Marriage of brother and sister was adopted in the Greek-Egyptian, but no other Greeks practiced this C. They used religion to give Greek legitimacy D. Manetho – wrote history of Egypt from beginning to present in the language of Greek E. Rosetta Stone (196 BCE) 1. Stone containing few language of the same passage to help learn/translate different languages a) Hieroglyphics b) Cursive c) Greek
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MMW3 Midterm 1 study guide - Group 1 Greeks in Asia and...

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