OutlineLectureNines211mmw61 - Outline Lecture...

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Outline Lecture Nine—Challenges for the 21 st Century Reminders for Final: --Friday Sep 2 from 11:30 to 2:30 p.m. --Bring two blue-books I) Demographic Crisis a) World population spike b) Urban Shift i) Advent of “hyper-cities” ii) UN Human Settlement Program’s 2003 report: The Challenge of Slums (1) Health and Environment Hazards (a) Very little public infrastructure (b) Life-threatening conditions (2) Not Pull but Push (a) The adverse impact of SAPs (b) “Reserve labor force” (3) Urban slums as “dumping grounds” for the surplus population (a) Attitude of local and national politicians c) Slums as Hotbed for Revolt? i) Rising Food Prices ii) Religious groups as proxies for the State (1) Hamas in Gaza and West Bank, Hizbullah in Lebanon, Moqtada Al-Sadr in Iraq, al-Shabab in Somalia (2) Pentecostalism in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa II) Ideological Crisis a) “Jihad” vs. “McWorld” i) The world increasingly becoming bifurcated ii) The ideology of “McWorld” and its appeal
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  • Summer '08
  • chang
  • Human Settlement Program, World population spike, unprecedented human-induced impact, Outline Lecture Nine—Challenges, little public infrastructure

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OutlineLectureNines211mmw61 - Outline Lecture...

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