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OutlineLectureSixs211mmw6 - Outline Lecture SixThe Cold War...

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Outline Lecture Six The Cold War and the Arms Race I) The Origins of the Cold War a) Agreements near the end of WWII i) General appreciation of Russian contribution in war against Hitler ii) Churchill’s 1944 “Percentage agreement” b) Miscalculations of Soviet expansion i) Effect of Japan’s early surrender (1) Rapid Soviet expansion into Central Europe and Balkans c) The Birth of the Cold War: Berlin i) Peace settlements in Potsdam, July 1945 ii) Problematic location iii) Western powers’ response to Soviet pressure (1) Create a unified economic zone iv) Berlin Blockade 1948-1949 v) Berlin Airlift II) Policy of Containment a) Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech in Fulton, Missouri, March 1946 i) Assure peace through “overwhelming sense of security” b) Truman Doctrine March 1947 i) US guarantee of support for all global efforts to resist communism ii) Wilsonian self-determination? c) Marshall Plan 1948 i) Henry Luce’s “American Internationalism” ii) America as the “Good Samaritan” of the world d) Military Containment: Creation of the Two-Bloc system i) Creation of NATO, 1949 ii) Creation of Warsaw Pact, 1955 (1) Return of Trotsky’s Internationalism (a)
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