WCT Soci1 Wk 2 Marx

WCT Soci1 Wk 2 Marx - Social Cultural structures from Karl...

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Social & Cultural structures from Karl Marx (1818-1883), German sociologist & revolutionary 09/15/11 Soci 1 Blair-Loy UCSD
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Life chances vary by economic class Marx: Owner of the means of production (Bourgeoisie) concentrates profit, wealth & power at expense of wage laborer (Proletariat) 09/15/11 Soci 1 Blair-Loy UCSD
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Marx : Communist Manifesto (1848) Social Structures [p. 16, footnote 1] Mode of Production = Historically specific economic system (e.g., feudalism, capitalism, socialism). Composed of: Means of production + Relations of production 09/15/11 Soci 1 Blair-Loy UCSD
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Feudalism (9 th -14 th Cs Europe): SOCIAL STRUCTURES Lords owned means of production (land). Relations of production : Graded hierarchy & exploitation. (e.g., Lords exploited serfs and peasants who worked land. Guildmasters exploited journeymen, who exploited apprentices.) 09/15/11 Soci 1 Blair-Loy UCSD
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Feudal SOCIAL STRUCTURES (means and relations of production) justified by CULTURAL STRUCTURES of religion and law Lords maintained power w/ cultural structure of “Divine Right of Kings” & other traditional sentiments. 09/15/11 Soci 1 Blair-Loy UCSD
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Capitalism replaced Feudalism Globalizing mkts industrial development. Owners of new means of production (factories, firms) = Bourgeoisie.
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