ChangMMW2OutlineLectureEight2011 (1)

ChangMMW2OutlineLectureEight2011 (1) - The Ideal of...

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Outline Lecture Eight—The Daoist Challenge: Laozi and Zhuangzi I) Relationship Between Confucianism and Daoism (Taoism) a) Complementary or Oppositional? i) Cultivation of the junzi vs. return to the “Uncarved Block” b) The Significance of the Term “Daoism” i) Distinction between philosophical and religious Daoism (1) Laozi (Lao-Tzu) and Zhuangzi (Chuang-tzu) II) Laozi’s Daodejing (Tao Te Ching or Classic of the Way) a) Problem of authorship i) Historical context b) The Principle of Reversal i) “Reversal is the movement of the Way” (1) State of balance, moderation, and normalcy (2) “Knowing when to stop” ii) “Weakness is the use of the Way” (1) Emphasis is on the function of weakness iii) State of the “newborn babe” c) The Dao of Governing i) State of the Uncarved Block (1) “Govern the state as if frying a small fish” ii)
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Unformatted text preview: The Ideal of “No-action” or Wuwei (1) Meaning of “ wuwei er wu buwei ” iii) Foreign Policy (1) What should a large state do? (2) What should a small state do? iv) Sunzi’s Art of War —Art of avoiding war (1) Only choose war as the very last resort (2) Warfare is the art of deception III) Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu)—The Dao of Spontaneity a) Lived around 369-286 BCE: Contemporary of Mencius and Sunzi i) Legends about Zhuangzi b) Transcending Dualities i) Relativity of Meaning (1) Monkeys—“Three at Dawn, Four at Dusk” ii) Expanding our Perspective (1) Dream of the Butterfly (Read Watson p.45) iii) The Great Transformation of All Things iv) Fasting of the Mind c) Application to Life i) The Wholeness in Deformity (1) The Useless Shu Tree ii) The Spontaneity of Concentration (1) Cook Ting Carving Up an Ox...
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course MMW 2 taught by Professor Chang during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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ChangMMW2OutlineLectureEight2011 (1) - The Ideal of...

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