ChangMMW2OutlineLectureEighteen2011

ChangMMW2OutlineLectureEighteen2011 - Week Ten Outline...

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Week Ten Outline Lecture Eighteen—Socrates and the Demise of Athenian Democracy Key points from last lecture: a) Excesses of Athenian Democracy: Delian League, Territorial Expansion b) Vulnerabilities of Athenian Democracy: Over-confidence of the amateur; Sway of demagoguery Main focus of today’s lecture: a) How a system that produced the likes of Cleon or Alcibiades could also produce a man like Socrates i) Embodiment of Athenian ideals ii) Ironic victim of those very same ideals I) Socrates: The Embodiment and Nemesis of a Democratic Polis a) Post- Peloponnesian War Athens i) Athens after Sicilian Expedition of 413 ii) Spartan hegemony (1) Spartan general—Lysander (2) “The Thirty”—group of oligarchs led by Critias in 404 b) The Trial of Socrates—399 BCE i) The meaning of “Apology” in Greek (1) Did not take the charges of Meletus, Antynus, and Lycon seriously (2) Air of uncompromising aloofness towards jurors (3) Defiance of their ultimate power (a) “The unexamined life is not worth living”
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ChangMMW2OutlineLectureEighteen2011 - Week Ten Outline...

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