ChangMMW2OutlineLectureFifteen2011 - Outline Lecture...

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Outline Lecture Fifteen—The Polis and the Seeds of Greek Democracy Key Focus: 1) Democracy and individualism as key legacy of ancient Greece for Western Civilization 2) How and why did these two traditions, with all their virtues and vulnerabilities, develop? Rough Timeline: 4500 B.C.E. Evidence of Neolithic farmers in region 3000-1400 Minoan culture on Crete 2000 Greek-speaking tribes arrive from northern Balkans to Greek heartland 1600-1100 Mycenaean kingdoms 1100-800 Dark Age—loss of literacy 800-500 Early Classical Period: Homeric tradition and Polis system 500-400 Classical Period I) The Conditions for the Greek Alternative a) Geographic Setting i) The region of “Hellas” b) Shared features of Greek culture: c) Influx of Aryan-speaking tribes around 2000 B.C.E. d) Established Mycenaean Kingdoms i) Tholos tombs—sign of wealth e) Post-Mycenaean Greece i) So-called Greek “Dark Age” ii) Colonization of the Aegean iii) Benefits of maritime expansion and colonization II) The Seeds of the Greek Democratic Experiment
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ChangMMW2OutlineLectureFifteen2011 - Outline Lecture...

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