ChangMMW2OutlineLectureSeven2011 - Week Four Outline...

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Week Four Outline Lecture Seven—Crisis and the Confucian Response Recap from last lecture: Focused on geographic, cultural, and political factors that contributed to a distinct sense of identity for ancient China Key focus: 1) Ancient Israel forged a tradition of ethical monotheism from a world dominated by ritualistic polytheism—a breakthrough in religion 2) In China’s case, its Axial Age breakthrough would emanate not from religion but from philosophical traditions I) The Philosophical Revolution in the 6 th century B.C.E. a) Philosophy: Another major cornerstone of Chinese culture: i) The Confucian tradition and the philosophical agenda b) The Historical Background i) The Disintegration of Zhou Rule (1) In 771, collapse of the Western Zhou capital at Hao (Xi’an) (a) The king “who cried wolf” (b) Shift of the capital to the East—Luoyang (2) Eastern Zhou Period (a) Spring and Autumn (722-481) (b) Warring States (403-221) (c) Rise of “hegemons” or “Ba Wang” ii) The Symbolic Importance of the State of Lu
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ChangMMW2OutlineLectureSeven2011 - Week Four Outline...

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