ChangMMW2OutlineLectureSixteen2011 - Week Nine Outline...

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Week Nine Outline Lecture Sixteen—Test for Democracy: The Persian Wars Key points from last lecture: a) Geographical and social factors providing a fertile terrain for an ethos of individualism and independence b) Cultural and political developments providing the seeds for democratic systems a. Cultural values: arête and agon b. Formation of the polis c. Ascendancy of the hoplite phalanx d. Reforms of the tyrants This week’s Focus: a) Herodotus—Historian of the Persian wars b) Thucydides—Historian of the Peloponnesian wars c) Why cover these wars? a. Treasure trough of historical parallels b. Expose the advantages and vulnerabilities of Greek democracy Military assets and security risks I) The First Persian Challenge a) The Expansion of the Persian Empire i) Rise of Babylonians under Nebuchadnezzar ii) Cyrus’s expansion into Asia Minor (1) Road from Susa to Sardis iii) Herodotus: Improved communication “upset the balance of world affairs” b) The Ionian Catalyst i)
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course MMW 2 taught by Professor Chang during the Winter '08 term at UCSD.

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ChangMMW2OutlineLectureSixteen2011 - Week Nine Outline...

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