SampleProspectusPostIslamicZoroastrianism2011

SampleProspectusPostIslamicZoroastrianism2011 - MMW3...

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MMW3, Section C04 May 3, 2007 Assignment 3: Prospectus The Islamic conquest of the Sasanid Dynasty in 651 C.E. was the beginning of a new era in Iran’s history. During Sasanid rule in Iran, which lasted from 223 to 651 C.E., Zoroastrianism was the official religion of the empire (Craig et al. 290). Because of Arab expansion, however, Islam was poised to take Zoroastrianism’s place. Nonetheless, Zoroastrianism did not die out completely; rather it was still practiced by a small portion of the Iranian people and even managed to affect Islam itself. For example, many Zoroastrian ideas, such as the religious notion of two different kinds of wisdom, were used in Islamic literature (Shaked 30-31). This phenomenon leads me to ask the following question: Why did Zoroastrianism survive even after Islamic conquests ended the Sasanid Dynasty in 651? In the course of answering this question I will discuss the Sasanid Dynasty, the Islamic caliphates that succeeded it, Zoroastrianism, Islam, and the Iranian people in the time frame of 600 to 1000 C.E. Scholars have different explanations for why Zoroastrianism survived the arrival of Islam in Iran. Some propose that the geography of Iran and the location of certain
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