HobbesLockeRousseaus211mmw5 - Cassedy MMW 5 Social Contract...

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1 Cassedy MMW 5 Social Contract Theory Hobbes vs. Locke vs. Rousseau (Page references are to texts reproduced in the reader.) Natural state of equality/freedom Hobbes: “Nature hath made men so equall, in the faculties of body, and mind . . .” (86) Locke: state of nature is state of freedom and equality (287) Rousseau: “Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains” (387) State of nature Hobbes: in absence of fear of common power (88, 90, 96, 117, 118, 120), war of all against all (88-90); no right and wrong, no justice and injustice, no “propriety,” no dominion, no mine and thine distinct (90). Locke: state of freedom and equality. It preexists political society, but is not a state of limitless license (288). Law of nature = reason (289). State of nature is not purely hypothetical: “That since all Princes and Rulers of Independent Governments all through the World, are in a State of Nature . . .” (294). Rousseau: no private war in state of nature, no property (390). War in general is a relation between state and state, not between man and man (390). Freedom Hobbes: Right of nature = liberty each of us has to use power for preservation of our own nature (91). Liberty = absence of external impediments (91). Locke: state of perfect freedom to order our actions, dispose of possessions and persons within bounds of law of nature = natural state. Liberty vs. license. “Man being born, as has been proved, with a Title to
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course MMW 5 taught by Professor Cassedy during the Summer '08 term at UCSD.

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HobbesLockeRousseaus211mmw5 - Cassedy MMW 5 Social Contract...

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