MidtermSampleS211Mmw5

MidtermSampleS211Mmw5 - both methods, using examples (to...

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MMW 5 Summer Session II, 2010 Cassedy MIDTERM Answer two of the following questions in a concise essay. Please take some time to think about your answers before you begin writing. Please number your answers. 1. In his Philosophical Letters and in Candide , Voltaire pitted the “rationalist” method of thinking against the empirical method, favoring the empirical. Of course there’s no such thing as an Enlightenment-era writing that employs only the empirical method. Choose one of the following writings: a. Hobbes, Leviathan b. Locke, Second Treatise of Government c. Rousseau, The Social Contract d. Jefferson (et al.), Declaration of Independence . After briefly defining “rationalism” ( in this specialized sense ) and empiricism, show how the author employs
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Unformatted text preview: both methods, using examples (to the best of your memory) to support your claims. 2. Here is the first half of Ernest Gellner’s definition of nationalism: “In brief, nationalism is a theory of political legitimacy, which requires that ethnic boundaries should not cut across political ones.” (a) Explain this definition. Be sure to focus on key phrases. (b) Give two examples of how this theory was played out in nineteenth-century Europe. Explain briefly. 3. Adam Smith, in The Wealth of Nations , and Friedrich Engels, in The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844 , were essentially talking about the same thing, namely free-market capitalism. What’s the difference in their approach to this topic?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course MMW 5 taught by Professor Cassedy during the Summer '08 term at UCSD.

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