Voltaires211mmw5 - John Locke was responsible for...

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MMW 5 Cassedy OUTLINE CANDIDE François-Marie Arouet de Voltaire (1694-1778) Candide (1759) dramatizes conflict between rationalism of Descartes and Leibniz and empiricism of Newton and Locke. In his earlier Philosophical Letters (1734), Voltaire made these assertions (though beware, because he’s not always careful about what he says): Francis Bacon was the first to use the experimental method René Descartes believed that Soul = thought We’re born with a set of ideas , including God, space, the infinite
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Unformatted text preview: John Locke was responsible for Demonstrating the power of human reason Destroying the Cartesian notion of innate ideas Establishing that our ideas come from our senses In Candide , the key target of his satire is Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716), author of New System of Nature and of the Communication of Substances (1695). Leibniz believed that There is a preestablished harmony in the universe The universe was created so as to be optimal (“the best of all possible worlds”)...
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