SocCogIssues

SocCogIssues - Lecture 10: CS 143 * Animal Cognition SOCIAL...

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CS 143 * Animal Cognition Lecture 10: SOCIAL COGNITION ISSUES Traditional Approaches to Social Cognition - In Socially Complex societies, triadic interactions require learning not just own dyadic relationships (e.g. who can beat up on you/you can beat up) but also about relations between others (e.g. who kin w/who, who dominant over who, who allied, who reciprocates, etc.) - In Machiavellian Intelligence , issue arises as to whether apparent deception is deliberate, conscious - e.g. Is deceiver intentionally trying to make other believe an untruth? - e.g. Is “ feigner ” aware of other’s attention to it, knows when it is being seen and thus must pretend Knowing About the Relations Between Others See Seyfarth & Cheney on “Functional Equivalence” - Dasser 1988 : Long-tailed Macaques trained on Match-to-Sample - Sample: Photo of a mom from subject’s group Alternatives: Her vs. another’s offspring - Showed first trial success on transfer to other familiar mother/offspring pairs : - When juvenile Vervet gives alarm, others look to its mother for confirmation - Like Dasser experiment above, shows animals in troop know who is related to whom - Perry 2004 : Cebus, during antagonism, select coalition partners from their friends but also take into consideration the relative rank of those friends to the target : Recorded dominant and submissive calls from each Chacma Baboon - Fabricated combinations of two animals’ calls (i.e. fake vocal interactions) for playback tests - When played combo of dominant call by dom animal + submissive call by subordinate, no reaction - But, when played dominant call from subordinate + submissive call from dominant, large reaction! Theory of Mind (ToM ) = Capacity to attribute mental states to oneself and others - First developed by Premack & Woodruff 1978 - Tested if Sarah could interpret tape of trainer with a problem & pick photo of solution - Interp: Subject must understand trainer’s goal (But may have just picked own desired outcome) - Concept adopted for research on Human children , e.g. via “ False Belief ” task - Sally and Ann watch as object hidden at A, Ann leaves, Sally sees object moved to hiding place B
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SocCogIssues - Lecture 10: CS 143 * Animal Cognition SOCIAL...

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