Chapter 13 Review Questions

Chapter 13 Review Questions - Q uestions for Review 1. What...

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Questions for Review 1. What is the function of the National Center for Environmental Prediction? a. The U.S. National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) delivers national and global weather, water, climate and space weather guidance, forecasts, warnings and analyses to its Partners and External User Communities. These products and services are based on a service-science legacy and respond to user needs to protect life and property, enhance the nation's economy and support the nation's growing need for environmental information. It is part of the National Weather Service. i. There are nine centers: 1. Aviation Weather Center provides aviation warnings and forecasts of hazardous flight conditions at all levels within domestic and international air space. 2. Climate Prediction Center monitors and forecasts short-term climate fluctuations and provides information on the effects climate patterns can have on the nation. 3. Environmental Modeling Center develops and improves numerical weather, climate, hydrological and ocean prediction through a broad program in partnership with the research community. 4. Hydrometeorological Prediction Center provides nationwide analysis and forecast guidance products out through seven days. 5. NCEP Central Operations sustains and executes the operational suite of numerical analyses and forecast models and prepares NCEP products for dissemination. 6. Ocean Prediction Center issues weather warnings and forecasts out to five days for the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans north of 30 degrees North . 7. Space Weather Prediction Center provides space weather alerts and warnings for disturbances that can affect people and equipment working in space and on earth. 8. Storm Prediction Center provides tornado and severe weather watches for the contiguous United States along with a suite of hazardous weather forecasts. 9. The National Hurricane Center provides forecasts of the movement and strength of tropical weather systems and issues watches and warnings for the North Atlantic and the Eastern Pacific ocean. 2. How does a weather watch differ from a weather warning? a. Weather watch means conditions are right for dangerous weather. In other words, a "watch" means watch out for what the weather could do, be ready to act. For events that come and go quickly, such as severe thunderstorms, tornadoes or flash floods, a watch means that the odds are good for the dangerous weather, but it's not yet happening. For longer-lived events, such as hurricanes or winter storms, a watch means that the storm isn't an immediate threat. For either kind
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of event, a watch means you should keep up with the weather and be ready to act. When a severe thunderstorm, tornado or flash flood watch is in effect, it means you should watch the sky for signs of dangerous weather. Sometimes a severe thunderstorm, a tornado or a flash flood happens so quickly that warnings can't be issued in time. Many areas don't have civil-defense sirens or other warning methods. People who live near streams that quickly reach flood levels should be
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2011 for the course GO 101 taught by Professor Loving during the Spring '10 term at Park.

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Chapter 13 Review Questions - Q uestions for Review 1. What...

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