Mill_1 - Mill, On Liberty II 1. In Ch. 1 Mill says that...

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Mill, On Liberty II 1. In Ch. 1 Mill says that “Despotism is a legitimate mode of government in dealing with barbarians, provided the end be their improvement, and the means justified by actually effecting that end.” Explain. What do you think of this idea? How do you tell barbarians from those who “have become capable of being improved by free and equal discussion” and “have attained the capacity of being guided to their own improvement by conviction or persuasion”? When do people gain this capacity? Can they lose it if they achieve it? 2. Thinking in terms of the American political system, does Mill’s position seem more Republican or Democratic to you? 3. Mill seems to be a “free-speech absolutist.” Is he? What do you think of this position? How can a utilitarian be an absolutist anything? 4. Ch. 2: “Complete liberty of contradicting and disproving our opinion, is the very condition which justifies us in assuming its truth for purposes of action; and on no other terms can a being with human faculties have any rational assurance of being right.” This is part of Mill’s utilitarian proof that we have the “right” to both freedom of thought and freedom of speech. Explain how this justifies our claim to have those “rights.” 5. Ch. 3:
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Mill_1 - Mill, On Liberty II 1. In Ch. 1 Mill says that...

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