Study Questions for Mill 1

Study Questions for Mill 1 - Study Questions for Mill,...

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Study Questions for Mill, Utilitarianism,  part I 1. What are rationalism and empiricism? Why is it harder for an empiricist than a rationalist to explain, or perhaps even to believe in, morality? 2. What are “utility” and “utilitarianism,” anyway? What does it have to do with the “ summum bonum ”? What does that expression mean? What is the summum bonum according to Mill? What would Plato have said? What do you think? 3. What is the “greatest happiness principle”? What does it have to do with “utility”? With pleasure? 4. What role do the consequences of our acts play in utilitarianism according to Mill? How do we use consequences to tell which acts are good and which are bad? What would Socrates and Plato have made of this idea? 5. Mill: “Questions of ultimate ends are not amenable to direct proof.” Explain. Ultimately, what kinds of “considerations” does Mill offer to get us to accept the greatest happiness principle? 6. Does a utilitarian think of morality as subjective?
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Study Questions for Mill 1 - Study Questions for Mill,...

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