08.30.11.Tuesday (3)

08.30.11.Tuesday (3) - Word Roots Classics 30 Tuesday Unit...

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Unformatted text preview: Word Roots: Classics 30 Tuesday, August 30, 2011 Unit 8 Grammar New Yorker, Aug. 15 &22, 2011 Today’s Goals • To go over last week’s quiz. • To finish the lecture on the Ethereal Realm. • To look at some important Greek morphemes in bioscience. • To review the concept of combining forms • To go over Unit 8. • To do some grammar. Woman suffering from extreme ichthyosis Biological Terms • English has a number of ways to make verbs into nouns. – For Anglo-Saxon words, sometimes the same word is used for a noun and verb: “talk,” for instance, or “walk” can be used as nouns or verbs. – Sometimes suffixes are used: treat, treatment; create, creation Biological Terms • Greek has two important suffixes that turn verbs into nouns (there are others). – {- σις} = {-sis } • {αναλυ-} (break up) + {- σις} = νάλυσις ἀ – {-μα/-ματ} = { ma/mat } • {προβλη} ( throw in front} + {-μα/-ματ} = πρόβλημα • The {-ma} allomorph is used on its own; the {-mat} allomorph is used when the word is given endings. • Compare: problem, problematic • Where you think the words “emblem,” and “emblematic” come from? Biological Terms: {-μα/ματ } • {ma} has a number of allomorphs in English. – {-ma }: “lemma” and “dilemma” from a verb meaning “to take” – {-m }: “diaphragm”: {phrag} means “barricade”; “axiom” from a verb stem {axio} which means “consider correct.” – {-me } (French version of {ma}): “theme,” from a morpheme that means “put”; “morpheme”; “scheme” from a root meaning “hold” Biological Terms: {-μα/ματ } • In Greek, {-ma/-mat } were used to make nouns out of verbs. • In modern science, however, this morpheme has come to have some specialized uses – {-oma } has come to mean “swelling,” “tumor” or “cancer.” – { em }: has come to mean stuff or thing: • xylem ({xyl(o)} = wood; compare xylophone ) • phloem ({phlo} = bark) Biological Terms: {-μα/ματ } • Three important Greek morphemes are similar to these words in (- ma/-mat } but are not obviously from Greek verbs. – { stoma/stome/stomat ) = mouth • gnathostome ({gnath(o)} means “jaw.”) • stoma (plural: stomata) – { soma/somat } = body • psychosomatic – { chroma/chrome/chromat, chrom(o) } = color • chromosome Biological Terms: {-σις } • {-sis } is added to verbs to make nouns as well....
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2011 for the course CLASSICS 030 taught by Professor Rundin during the Summer '11 term at UC Davis.

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08.30.11.Tuesday (3) - Word Roots Classics 30 Tuesday Unit...

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