08.30.11.Tuesday (3)

08.30.11.Tuesday (3) - Word Roots: Classics 30 Tuesday,...

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Unformatted text preview: Word Roots: Classics 30 Tuesday, August 30, 2011 Unit 8 Grammar New Yorker, Aug. 15 &22, 2011 Todays Goals To go over last weeks quiz. To finish the lecture on the Ethereal Realm. To look at some important Greek morphemes in bioscience. To review the concept of combining forms To go over Unit 8. To do some grammar. Woman suffering from extreme ichthyosis Biological Terms English has a number of ways to make verbs into nouns. For Anglo-Saxon words, sometimes the same word is used for a noun and verb: talk, for instance, or walk can be used as nouns or verbs. Sometimes suffixes are used: treat, treatment; create, creation Biological Terms Greek has two important suffixes that turn verbs into nouns (there are others). {- } = {-sis } {-} (break up) + {- } = {-/-} = { ma/mat } {} ( throw in front} + {-/-} = The {-ma} allomorph is used on its own; the {-mat} allomorph is used when the word is given endings. Compare: problem, problematic Where you think the words emblem, and emblematic come from? Biological Terms: {-/ } {ma} has a number of allomorphs in English. {-ma }: lemma and dilemma from a verb meaning to take {-m }: diaphragm: {phrag} means barricade; axiom from a verb stem {axio} which means consider correct. {-me } (French version of {ma}): theme, from a morpheme that means put; morpheme; scheme from a root meaning hold Biological Terms: {-/ } In Greek, {-ma/-mat } were used to make nouns out of verbs. In modern science, however, this morpheme has come to have some specialized uses {-oma } has come to mean swelling, tumor or cancer. { em }: has come to mean stuff or thing: xylem ({xyl(o)} = wood; compare xylophone ) phloem ({phlo} = bark) Biological Terms: {-/ } Three important Greek morphemes are similar to these words in (- ma/-mat } but are not obviously from Greek verbs. { stoma/stome/stomat ) = mouth gnathostome ({gnath(o)} means jaw.) stoma (plural: stomata) { soma/somat } = body psychosomatic { chroma/chrome/chromat, chrom(o) } = color chromosome Biological Terms: {- } {-sis } is added to verbs to make nouns as well....
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08.30.11.Tuesday (3) - Word Roots: Classics 30 Tuesday,...

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