01 Indus Valley

01 Indus Valley - ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS: THE INDUS VALLEY...

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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS: THE INDUS VALLEY KEY WORKS Terra Cotta Female Figurine The City of Mohenjo-daro Shiva Seal (La Plante, Asian Art , Fig. 1.4b, p. 6) Terra Cotta Female Figurine (2500 BCE-1500 BCE) Dancing Girl (2500 BCE-1500 BCE)
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Male Nude Torso (2500 BCE-1500 BCE) High Priest (2500 BCE-1500 BCE) Shiva Seal (2500 BCE-1500 BCE)
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Map of City, Mohenjo-daro, The Citadel (2500 BCE-1500 BCE) Mohenjo-daro Site (2500 BCE-1500 BCE) The Great Bath (2500 BCE-1500 BCE)
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READING La Plante, Asian Art , pp. 4-8. HISTORY Indus Valley culture (c. 2500-1500 BCE) Mohenjo-daro, Harappa - sites of ancient urban centers in western India Aryan invasions (c. 2000-1500 BCE) TERMS: stamps (not cylinder seals) intaglio Shiva (Siva) WORKS The Citadel - at Mohenjo-daro The Great Bath - at Mohenjo-daro High Priest Nude Male Torso -from Harappa Dancing Girl - made from copper TIME LINE (c. 2500-1500 BCE) The first libraries in Egypt End of the Old Kingdom in Egypt Bronze Age in Western Europe FURTHER READING Huntington, S., The Art of Ancient India: Buddhist, Hindu, Jain , New York, l985. pp. 3-9. (See especially the photos). Craven, Indian Art , pp. 9-26.
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NOTES Here the central issue is, what function, or role, art plays in the Indus Valley Civilization? Given what remains from this region, urban civic architecture and urban planning are important. THE NATURE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF URBANISM Civilization, then. ..arose in an urban environment or something approaching it. While there is no agreement among scholars on a precise definition (of civilization). ....there is general acceptance of a purely arbitrary yardstick in the Old World: namely the presence of a system of writing. Some other characteristics often mentioned that might form the basis for definition of civilization are: 1. An urbanized society , with emphasis not upon our image of a city (which is not present, for instance in the early Chinese or Japanese civilizations or in Egypt), but rather upon the existence of social units of considerable size and complexity which evoked a whole series of new institutions and social patterns to make this way of life possible. Social stratification is commonly singled out as one distinctive feature. 2. A territorially based state (as opposed to kinship-based tribal units) exercising political and military authority through appropriate institutions and through a code of laws imposed from above, in contrast to the custom law and public opinion sanction of village societies. 3. A symbiotic economy based on centralized accumulation of capital and social surplus through tribute or taxation, in order to support an essentially parasitic social body, and also on extensive division of labor and numerous resultant full- time craft specialists which make the city a market center for the surrounding area.
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2011 for the course HAA 0010 taught by Professor Mcalister during the Spring '09 term at Pittsburgh.

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01 Indus Valley - ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS: THE INDUS VALLEY...

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