05 Ancient Japan

05 Ancient Japan - ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS: THE ARCHAELOGICAL...

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ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS: THE ARCHAELOGICAL AGE - JAPAN Key Work Ise Shrine (La Plante, Figs 21.8, 21.9) Ise Shrine Ise Shrine Diagram
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Ise Shrine Meizukuri Shinto Shrine, Izumo
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Flame Pottery, Jomon Period Sword, Mirror and Jade
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The Tomb of Nintoku Tenno (early 5th century CE) Horse Haniwa and Dancing Haniwa (c. 200-552 CE)
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READING La Plante, Asian Art , pp. 196-206. HISTORY Jomon Period (c.3500-200 BCE) Yayoi Period (c. 450 BCE-200 CE) Kofun Period (c. 200-552 CE) - Haniwa Culture TERMS kofun - ancient burial mounds (Fig. 21.3) Yamato clan - imperial clan Emperor Nintoku - ancient sovereign whose tomb is near Osaka haniwa - clay cylinders, figures (Fig. 21.5, 21.6) Ise - site of Shinto shrine Izumo - site of Shinto shrine torii gate - marks entrance to Ise Shrine Naiku - Inner Shrine at Ise, dedicated to Amaterasu Omikami, the Imperial Shrine kotai jingu - periodic rebuilding shin no mihashira - "heart pillar" Shinto - nature religion, native to Japan Amaterasu Omikami - The Sun Goddess, all Japanese Emperors are thought to descend from her kami - spirits magatama - curved jewels, attribute of the Sun Goddess dotaku - bell Kojiki , Nihongi - Histories of Japan, written in the 8th century himorogi - dwelling place for a deity TIME LINE (6th century CE) Mohammed born, founder of Islam (d. 632) Church bells used in France FURTHER READING Egami, N., The Beginnings of Japanese Art , Tokyo, 1973, entire (especially the photos)
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NOTES What do the material remains of these early peoples tell us about their view of the universe? SHINTO SHRINE AT ISE Shinto is the indigenous religion of the Japanese people. The focus of Shinto is reverence for kami, a term used to describe both deities and the numinous quality perceived in objects of nature such as trees, rocks, waters, and mountains. The spirits of deceased emperors and heroes, and other famous
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2011 for the course HAA 0010 taught by Professor Mcalister during the Spring '09 term at Pittsburgh.

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05 Ancient Japan - ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS: THE ARCHAELOGICAL...

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