Classical and Rogerian Arguments Classical Rogerian Introduction (Exordium) Capture the audience’s attention. Introduce the issue and create exigence for your claim. Why is this an issue? Why do we need to pay attention? Introduction State the problem you hope to resolve. By presenting your issue as a problem you raise the possibility of positive change. Often opponents will want to solve the same problem. Statement of Background (Narratio) Supply the context needed to understand the case you present. What circumstances, occurrences, or conditions do we need to be made aware of? Summary of Opposing Views As accurately and neutrally as possible, state the views of the people with whom you disagree. By doing this you show that you are capable of listening without judging and have given a fair hearing to people who think differently from you. Proposition (Partitio) State your position (claim/thesis), based on the information you have presented, and outline the major points that will follow. The
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views, Rogerian arguments, State your position, share common ground