04.20.goodman.Class+lecture+notes

04.20.goodman.Class+lecture+notes - On the gene(c...

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Unformatted text preview: On the gene(c manipula(on of crop plants by human kind Some deep history of the gene(c engineering of food crops Looking ahead to a world of 9 billion people Is there a fundamental human right to access to a nutri(ous food supply? Ques(on # 1 When did humans first begin gene(c modifica(on of food crops? 1.  8000 years ago 2.  120 years ago 3.  38 years ago 4.  18 ­20 years ago Domes(ca(on Selec(ve (scien(fic) breeding The rise of the private sector (or, who owns our crops?) The era of industrial agriculture seeds chemicals processing The era of gene(c engineering Domes(ca(on Domes(ca(on The era of selec(ve (scien(fic) breeding Darwin Mendel Genes as units of heredity Diversity Crossing Segrega(on Selec(on The rise of the private sector Who “owns” our crops? So many species: Dependence on 20 Why put effort into improvement by crop breeding? Con(nue domes(ca(on process Increase disease and pest resistance Improve yield (harvest index) Improve stress tolerance (drought, heat, cold, salt) Improve nutri(on Improve (change) appearance (shape, color) Improve storability The conundrum of post ­harvest losses Ques(on # 2 Who “owns” the world’s crops? Farmers Governments The people Seed companies The era of industrial agriculture energy vs labor seeds chemicals processing Thousands of edible plants How many crops does humanity depend on? Ques(on #3 What are America’s top four crops? alfalfa barley corn co\on le\uce potato rice soybean wheat Some deep history of the gene(c engineering of food crops Monsanto and Calgene Herbicide resistance Control of fruit ripening Some deep history of the gene(c engineering of food crops—the “Flavr Savr ” tomato Looking ahead to a world of 9 billion people From 6.5 billion to 9 in one genera(on (YOURS!!!) How will 9 billion people be fed? or How will 9 billion people feed themselves? No more land, possibly less Less water and more expensive energy Disinvestment in public research Severe bio(c stress Climate change Ques(on # 4 What is Ug99? A new tea preferred by Sara Palin A wheat pathogen threatening the crop world ­wide The next social networking craze A selec(on of beers (99) available on the wall The list of 99 undergraduate (UG) majors at Rutgers On the gene(c manipula(on of crop plants by human kind Some deep history of the gene(c engineering of food crops Looking ahead to a world of 9 billion people Is there a fundamental human right to access to a nutri(ous food supply? Ques(on #5: Is there a fundamental human right to access to a nutri(ous food supply? Yes No ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/15/2011 for the course PHILOSOPHY 252 taught by Professor Egan during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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