Analogy010Clear - Analogical Change 1. Relatively sytematic...

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Analogical Change 1. Relatively sytematic analogy a. Four-part analogy (a type of proportional analogy ) cow : kine cow-s pig : pig-s goat : goat-s horse : horse-s (etc.) cow : X
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Morphological Appropriateness pat : patted bat : batted chat : chatted hat : X ???
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Productivity !!! mouse : mice louse : lice spouse : X ??? / house : Y ???
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But: alumnus : alumni octopus : X syllabus : Y And yet: bus : Z
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The skunk rought to high heaven I brang/brung some sweets He always drugdeals Yesterday we saw a Chinee
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The skunk rought to high heaven seek : sought wreak : wrought reek : X
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I brang/brung some sweets ring : rang : rung string : strung : strung bring : X : Y
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He always drugdeals deal : to deal drugdeal : X
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Yesterday we saw a Chinee employees : employee Chinese : X
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More food for thought Plural of dwarf ? Past tense of dive ? Past participle of dive ? What is the past tense of forgo ?
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Normal, most common pattern for Four-Part Analogy to be relatively systematic : i. Productive pattern — hence possibility of relatively systematic application ii. Innovation on the synchronically “derived” side—no “backformation”
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b. Leveling Elimination of “ paradigmatic alternations ” — sound alternations within a paradigm What’s a “Paradigm”?
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Paradigms (lost) Old English Modern English sing. pl. sing. pl. Nom.
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2011 for the course LING 210 taught by Professor Adrianamolina-munoz during the Spring '11 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Analogy010Clear - Analogical Change 1. Relatively sytematic...

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