borrowing2011CLEAR - shampoo Japanese geisha Judo jujitsu...

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Borrowings in English Germanic Period ceas 'cheese’ (L. caseum ) butere 'butter’ (L < Gr. butyros ) straet 'street’ (L . [via] strata 'straight way' or stone-paved road) LATIN Old English Period (600-1100) apostol 'apostle' ( apostolus < Gr. apostolos ) maegester 'master' (L. magister ) Early Modern English Period (1500-1650) agile, abdomen, anatomy, area, compensate, expensive, fictitious, gradual, habitual, insane
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French ambulance diplomat ballet sauce Judge tax beef boil broil Spanish adobe alligator coyote enchilada guitar mosquito taco tornado tortilla Italian balcony broccoli pizza gondola spaghetti piano opera umbrella zucchini German pretzel zeppelin delicatessen hamburger kindergarten strudel blitz dollar muffin Hindi bangle bungalow jungle maharaja nabob pajamas punch (the drink)
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Unformatted text preview: shampoo Japanese geisha Judo jujitsu kamikaze karaoke kimono soy sushi tsunami Arabic amber orange saffron sugar zero coffee algebra alchemy admiral Native American Mississippi (Ojibwa) Illinois (Miami) Chicago (Potawatomi) Kansas (Sioux) Migrating words What can be borrowed? 1. Words! taco, potato, tomato, umlaut, schwa What can be borrowed? 2. Expressions je ne sais quoi court martial What can be borrowed? 3. Derivational morphology (through borrowed words): 4. Function words (rare) : What can be borrowed? 5. Grammatical endings: What can be borrowed? 6. Sounds (rare) : Nativization Nativization Nativization Ear borrowings ALSO: Costa Rican Sp. tuanis Engl. Too nice Hyperforeignisms Borrowing and Prestige...
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2011 for the course LING 210 taught by Professor Adrianamolina-munoz during the Spring '11 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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borrowing2011CLEAR - shampoo Japanese geisha Judo jujitsu...

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