convergence_2011

convergence_2011 - meaning, distribution, or organization...

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Convergence
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What is convergence? 1. Extended bi- or multilingualism 2. Built-up of interlanguages
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What is convergence? 3. Backflow: “The returnee’s syndrome” 4. Accommodation Similarities not only in terms of vocabulary (which may in fact remain quite distinct), but especially in aspects of their overall structure. 5. Selection of variants that make switching easier
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Borrowing vs. Convergence Borrowing: The replication of concrete formal-structural material (morpho- phonological forms with attached meanings) from one language in another. Convergence: Contact-induced structural change that does not involve such replication of forms, but is manifested rather through shift in
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Unformatted text preview: meaning, distribution, or organization of inherited material, inspired by an external model. Case I: Kupwar The languages: Urdu (Indo-Aryan) Muslim landholders Kannada (Dravidian) Jain landholders Marathi (Indo-Aryan) Landless workers (untochables)/ The state language. Developments specific to Kupwar 1. Gender 2. Inflection of adjectives and pronouns + verb to be Case II: Balkans The languages: Albanian Bulgarian Croatian Macedonian Serbian (Slavic) Greek Rumanian (Romance) 1. Infinitive > Clause 2. Postposed Definite Article 3. Want as Future Auxiliary...
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convergence_2011 - meaning, distribution, or organization...

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