LgRel_II - . Pro Classification [by this method] is such a...

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Language Relationship II
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Comparative Method: 1.Language Relationship 2.Reconstruction: Proto-Language
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Reconstruction
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Reconstruction as a productive hypothesis
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Also: Work with the earliest language stages
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Why words?
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Why words?
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Greenberg (and Ruhlen): Mass comparative Method
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Greenberg (and Ruhlen): Mass comparative Method The approach of lexical “mass comparison” or “multilateral comparison” establishes relationship through comparison of a large number of languages at the same time , on a fairly limited lexical basis (about 200 to 250 including function words and affixes), simply by means of scoring cognates based on similarities in sound and meaning
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Unformatted text preview: . Pro Classification [by this method] is such a simple task, to really screw up classification you almost have to have a Ph.D in historical linguistics. Ordinary folks, with no training, inevitably arrive at the correct solution. (Ruhlen 1994: viii) Con At a different level which transcends scientific worth to such an extent that it is at the fringe of idiocy there have in recent years been promulgated a number of far-fetched ideas concerning long- distance relationships, such as Nostratic, Sino-Caucasian and Amerind. (Dixon 2002: 23.) Example:...
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LgRel_II - . Pro Classification [by this method] is such a...

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