SoundChangeClear

SoundChangeClear - Sound Change Etymology is a science in...

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Sound Change Etymology is a science in which consonants count for little, and vowels, for nothing at all. (Statement attributed to Voltaire, probably apocryphal.)
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Sound change, in so far as it takes place mechanically, takes place according to laws that admit no exceptions. (Osthoff and Brugmann, 1878) The “Neogrammarian Manifesto” or Regularity Hypothesis
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In the Beginning there Was Grimm or Was it Rask? … there is a Íimilar reaÍon, though not quite Ío forcible, for ÍuppoÍing that both the Gothick and the Celtick, though blended with a very different idiom, had the Íame origin with the SanÍcrit …
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The Observation of Correspondences (Rasmus Rask) Sanskrit Greek Latin Old English ‘three’ t t raya¡h t t reis t t r7es r8ie ‘that’ t t ad t t o (is-) t t ud At ‘father’ p p it7a p p at7er p p ater f f Ader ‘foot’ p p ad- p p od- p p ed- f f 7ot ‘blood, gore’ k k r7ura - k k reas c c ruor [ k -] h h r7eaw ‘two’ d d vau d d u7o d d uo t t w7a ‘put, do’ dh dh 7a - th th 7e - f f 7e - d d 7A -d
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But Jacob Grimm came and “packaged” it — by formulating linguistic changes i. PIE voiceless stops become voiceless fricatives; ii. PIE voiced stops become voiceless stops; iii. PIE voiced aspirates become voiced stops or fricatives (depending on the context in which they occur).
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Proto-Indo-European: p t k t(od) Proto-Germanic f x/h þ - Proto-Indo-European: b d g -d Proto-Germanic p t k -t hence OE þ at Proto-Indo-European: bh dh gh Proto-Indo-European: b/ β d/ g/ γ
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“Exceptions” explained I PIE/pre-Gmc. tod p7od - k w od ka p t o- s t 7a - Gmc. †at f7ot hwat ha f t a - s t and- OEngl. †At f7ot hwAt hA f t s t and- that foot what captured stand
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Remaining “exceptions” Sanskrit Greek Latin Old English ‘father’ p p i t t p p a t t r p p a t t er f f 5A d d er ‘mother’ m7a t t m7e t t r m7a t t er d d or ‘brother’ bhr t t 7 a phr t t 7er fr7a t t er or
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Another Great Dane — Karl Verner p p i t t p p a t t r f f 5A d d er bhr t t 7 a phr t t 7er or
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a. The Change
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SoundChangeClear - Sound Change Etymology is a science in...

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