Cognitive_PerspectivesMM - Cognitive Perspectives on...

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Cognitive Perspectives on Learning Effective teachers and parents realize that collaborative and integrated cognitive strategy instruction facilitates the learning of information for ALL children in a myriad of contextual situations. Develop a set of practical strategies for making the structure of the learning content both meaningful and easy to process for a particular lesson. Cognitive theory gives teachers and parents a host of valuable insights about how the learning of meaningful information is accomplished. Good instruction involves stimulating the learners information processing strategies.
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METACOGNITION Sensory Register SHORT- TERM Memory LONG- TERM Memory O u t s i d e S t i m u l i Decay - Permanently lost Decay - Permanently lost Forgetting (Not lost) Initial Processing Elaboration Organization Retrieval Reconstruction Rehearsal D D F In order to learn new material, we have to spend a lot of time processing it (rephrasing, rehearsing, and summarizing the new material), in order that we can readily retrieve it from our long-term memory storage system when applying it to new situations. School learning involves 3 basic tasks: Making sense out of information Organizing and sorting information until it fits neatly in one’s minds Using old information to help assimilate new learning
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