Five_Learning_Theories

Five_Learning_Theories - FIVE PERSPECTIVES ON LEARNING...

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FIVE PERSPECTIVES ON LEARNING A PERSONAL THEORY OF LEARNING Perspectives on Learning BEHAVIORIST HUMANIST COGNITIVIST SOCIAL LEARNING CONSTRUCTIVIST INTELLECTUAL
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COGNITIVIST View of the learning process: Internal mental process Locus of Learning: Internal cognitive structuring Purpose of education: Develop capacity, strategies, and skill to learn Teacher’s role: Structures content of learning activity/material Manifestation in classrooms: cognitive development mental capacity as a function of age learning how to learn Learning theorists included Norman, Anderson, Ausubel HUMANISTIC View of the learning process: A personal act to fulfill potential Locus of Learning: Affective and cognitive needs Purpose of education: Become an autonomous learner Teacher’s role: Facilitates development of whole person Manifestation in classrooms: self-directed learning open classrooms open-ended projects Learning theorists included Maslow, Rogers, Weiner BEHAVIORIST View of the learning process: Change in behavior Locus of Learning: Stimuli in external environment Purpose of education: Produce behavioral change in desired direction Teacher’s role: Arranges environment to elicit desired response Manifestation in classrooms: behavioral objectives competency-based education skill training Learning theorists included Pavlov, Thorndike, Skinner
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SOCIAL LEARNING View of the learning process: Interaction with and observation of others in a social context Locus of Learning: Interaction of person, behavior, and environment Purpose of education: Model new roles and behavior Teacher’s role: Models and guides new roles and behavior Manifestation in classrooms: reciprocal teaching mentoring support Learning theorists included Bandura, Miller and Dollard CONSTRUCTIVIST View of the learning process: Construction of meaning from experience Locus of Learning: Internal construction of reality by individual Purpose of education: Construct knowledge Teacher’s role: Facilitates and negotiates meaning with learner Manifestation in classrooms: self-discovery learning experiential learning reflective practice Learning theorists included Dewey, Piaget, Vygotsky
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Techniques for School Learning Effective teaching involves active learning in the sense that the delivery affords participation upon the part of the students. Effective teaching involves a constructivist perspective in the sense that students build their own understanding of ideas. Effective teaching involves collaboration in terms of learning and understanding. Effective teaching involves continuity. Effective instructor involves enthusiasm for the discipline. Effective teaching involves the creation of communities of learners. Effective teaching is autobiographical
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Five_Learning_Theories - FIVE PERSPECTIVES ON LEARNING...

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