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Surname 1Name:Instructor:Course:Date: Juxtaposition of the Past and Present in Fencesand ArcadiaJuxtaposition is an essential literary tool because it enables authors to evoke the interestof their audience by drawing a comparison between two different objects or concepts by placingthem side by side. The comparison drawn between the items or concepts being juxtaposed makesit easier for the author to highlight important issues and to provide a logical connection betweenotherwise vaguely related concepts. In Fencesby August Wilson and Arcadiaby Tom Stoppard,the past and present are juxtaposed to bring together the themes of the works and to revealimportant concepts that the audience of the works could have otherwise missed. In Arcadia, Stoppard uses juxtaposition of the past and present to bring out one of themajor themes in the work, which is conflict between intellect and emotion. The different timesare used to compare how the conflict plays out during different historical times (Edwards 182).In the play, emotional fulfillment and intellectual pursuit are in a state of conflict. Thejuxtaposition of the past and present is seen through Thomasina and Hannah’s stories. In the past,Stoppard takes us to Thomasina’s encounter with her tutor, Septimus, where she asks him themeaning of the phrase “carnal embrace”. Septimus is initially uncomfortable with the questionand responds with “carnal embrace is the practice of throwing one’s arms around a side of beef”(Stoppard 1). Thomasina’s inquiry on sexual knowledge disrupts the normal learning, therebyportraying the conflict between intellect and emotion. This incident is juxtaposed with thepresent whereby Hannah, unlike Thomasina, does not let romantic pursuits derail her from her
Surname 2work. She rejects any advances towards her and instead focuses on her academic pursuits