noites - .5360 ~ ,allofSyria,Lebanon,IsraelandJordan...

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Chapter 2 Section 2- Civilization Developed in Mesopotamia pg. 53-60 Cuneiform - earliest form of writing Ziggurat - pyramid shaped towers ~ Geography Challenged the People of Mesopotamia Fertile crescent- modern Iraq, all of Syria, Lebanon, Israel and Jordan. F.C. – horseshoe shaped, good farmland Runs along coast of Mediterranean starting in valleys of Tigris and Euphrates  Mesopotamia means the land between the rivers Waters f the rivers- made irrigation possible and was important routes for transport  and communication Civilization depended on flooding of Tigris and Euphrates rivers- needed fertile  soil. Flooding was less predictable- couldn’t prepare for it Meso. Climate- harsher than Egypt- blazing summer heat, harsh winter storms Invasion from mountainous regions was easy- many people controlled Meso.-  conquered by other countries) ~ A series of rulers Controlled Mesopotamia 400 bc- Sumerians were living in Meso.- lived in small independent cities.  Knew how to use- wheel, make tools and weapons (copper), decorated objects w/  Sumerians believed each city ruled by separate god- built temples as homes for  gods and added ziggurats. women as slaves Sum. Not united- often at war w/ each other. Sargon I 2500 bc- Sargon conquered Sumerians. Came from country of Akkad (in  northern Mesopotamia)
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Extended kingdom to Mediterranean- the civilization spread Middle East.      Hammurabi
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2011 for the course RECON 69 taught by Professor Bahls during the Spring '98 term at Northeastern.

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noites - .5360 ~ ,allofSyria,Lebanon,IsraelandJordan...

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