Unit 01 Flashcards - Class I Double-stranded DNA T4; pox...

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Class I
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Double-stranded DNA T4; pox viruses; lambda phage; “mimivirus” (APMV); Sputnik (virophage)
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Class II
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Single-stranded DNA Chicken anemia virus
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Class III
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Double-stranded RNA Reoviruses
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Class IV
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Positive-sense (+) single-stranded RNA Poliovirus; SARS; Coronavirus; pepper mild mottle virus (PMMV); West Nile Virus; bushy dwarf virus of raspberries; soybean mosaic virus (SMV) Positive sense: viral RNA in genome has same directionality as mRNA
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Class V
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Negative-sense (-) single-stranded RNA Influenza virus; Ebola; Hantavirus; lettuce big vein virus; cucumber necrosis virus Negative sense: viral RNA in genome is complementary to mRNA
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Class VI
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Single-stranded RNA using DNA intermediate Retroviruses; HIV
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Class VII
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Double-stranded DNA using RNA intermediate Hepatitis B virus
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Appressorium
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Specialized fungal structure for penetrating plant tissues
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SAR 11
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Pelagibacter ubique 2.4 x 10 28 individuals Tiny genome One of the smallest self-replicating cells known Major role in Earth’s carbon cycle
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Azetobacter diaztrophicus
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Nitrogen fixation in sugar cane
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H1N1
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“Swine flu” First appeared September 2008 Death toll > 18,000 213 countries infected by 8/20/10
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H1N1 S-OIV
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By 11/2009 infected nearly 20% of Americans Children and young adults: no innate immunity Adults >60 years old: some immunity A recently evolved virus? Antigenic drift; reassortment
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Evolution
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Change in inherited traits in a population of organisms over generations. Evolution is a characteristic of living things.
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Virus
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2011 for the course PSIO 201 taught by Professor Stanescu during the Summer '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Unit 01 Flashcards - Class I Double-stranded DNA T4; pox...

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