Test 1 Notes

Test 1 Notes - Chapter1Notes Overview Anatomydefined LifeProcesses BodyCavities RegionsandQuadrants MedicalImaging MeasuringHumanBody Definitions

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Chapter 1 Notes 18:10 Overview Anatomy defined Levels of Body Organization Life Processes Anatomical Terminology Body Cavities Regions and Quadrants Medical Imaging Measuring Human Body Definitions Anatomy o Study of Structure and the relationship of the structure Dissection o Cutting the body for study Physiology o Study of the function of structure  Diagnostic Techniques Inspection o Observation of body; any changes from normal Palpation
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o Touching of the body surfaces Auscultation o Listening of body sounds; triangle of auscultation on back Percussion o Tapping to listen for echoing  Levels of Body Organization Chemical Level-most basic o Atoms o Molecules Cellular Level o Units  Tissue Level o Made up of 2 or more cells o Most cells have a specific function Organ Level o Made up of 2 or more tissue System Level o Made up of 2 or more organs; specific function Organismal Level o All the systems put together o The whole person
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Systems Skeletal Integumentary  Muscular Cardiovascular Lymphatic and Immunity Nervous Respiratory Endocrine Digestive Urinary Reproductive Life Process Metabolism o Sum of all the chemical process in body  Responsiveness o Respond internally and externally to stimuli  Movement  o Any structure level can move Growth o Size of the cell
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o Material in between cells Differentiation o Specific types of cells;  o specialization of a cell to perform a function Reproduction o Development of any body part o Formation of new cells or individuals  Anatomical Terminology Anatomical Position o Standing straight; feet and palms forward Regional Names Planes and Sections Sagittal Midsagittal o Divided into right and left perfect halves o Parasagittal plane: uneven right and left sides Median Transverse o Upper and lower halves o Anterior(ventral) and posterior(dorsal) Oblique
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o slant Directional Terms Superior -Medial Cranial -Lateral Inferior -Intermediate Rostral -Ipsilateral Caudal -Contralateral Anterior -Proximal Posterior -Distal Ventral -Superficial Dorsal -External Deep                       - Internal Crural=Sural (legs) Body Cavities Cranial cavity o Brain o Vertebral canal o Meninges: covering of brain and spinal cord Thoracic cavity
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o Pleural cavities: lungs o Mediastinum: central part of thoracic cavity o Pericardial cavity: heart Separated by the diaphragm  Abdominopelvic cavity o Abdominal cavity o Pelvic cavity Thoracic Abdominal Cavity Membranes Serous membrane: thin slippery membrane; covers viscera  o Parietal layer Area that covers cavity  o Visceral layer
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2011 for the course KIN 2500 taught by Professor Hargroder during the Fall '08 term at LSU.

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Test 1 Notes - Chapter1Notes Overview Anatomydefined LifeProcesses BodyCavities RegionsandQuadrants MedicalImaging MeasuringHumanBody Definitions

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