Anthropology 2

Anthropology 2 - Lapchak 1 Anthropology 2 : Introduction to...

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Lapchak 1 Anthropology 2 : Introduction to Cultural Anthropology Lecture Notes Monday March 28 What is Anthropology? Ÿ “Anthropology” comes from two Greek words: - Anthropos: Man or Human - Logos: Study Ÿ Anthropology is the study of humans. Ÿ It is a holistic discipline. - Anthropologists study everything about humans biologically, socially, and culturally - Anthropologists study people - all around the world, and all through time. Ÿ Of all the disciplines that study humans - Anthropology is by far the broadest in scope Cultural Anthropology Ÿ What is culture? - culture is more than just art or music - culture is all the stuf we have; the way we behave; and most importantly, the way we think! - culture is the lens through which we interpret everything Ÿ In our class: - we will look at different aspects of society: - family, power, politics, gender, race, class, religion, and economics - we will see how different cultures define the categories differently and give different meanins to them. - we will examine how these aspects of society are interconnected Why Study Cultural Anthropolgy? Ÿ In a global world, knowing how to understand and communicate with people from different cultures is an extremely valuable skill. Ÿ Studying cultural anthropology will also teach you an awful lot about yourself! Ÿ Anthropology can be applied to address real contemporary problems, conflicts, processes and events Fieldwork Ÿ The cultural anthropologist’s rite of passage Wednesday March 30 Ÿ According to Culture Counts , what kind of ethnography “attempts to capture what ideas and practices mena to members of a culture”? -- Emic The Four Fields Ÿ Physical or biological anthropology Ÿ Archaeology Ÿ Linguistics Ÿ Cultural anthropology
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Lapchak 2 Ÿ It is important to remember that the discipline is holistic Ÿ There are strong interconnections between the fields Physical Anthropology Ÿ The study of human beings as biological organisms Ÿ There are two main divisions in physical anthropology 1. pale anthropology [human paleontology]: the study of ancient humans and human evolution - through fossil remains - through primatology 2. Human variation: the study of biological variation in contemporary humans - forensics - race Archaeology Ÿ Archaeologists study cultures of the past through the excavation and analysis of the material culture they have left behind Ÿ To reconstruct the cultures of the past archaeologists rely on three kinds of material remains 2. Artifacts: Objects that have been made or modified by humans 3. Features: non-portable elements that have been made or modified by humans 4. Ecofacts: objects that were used but not modified by humans Linguistics Ÿ Anthropological linguists study spoken and written languages around the world and through time Ÿ Historical linguistics: the study of the emergence of language and how languages have changed through time - glottochronology: the technique of determining the approximate date that two related languages began
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Anthropology 2 - Lapchak 1 Anthropology 2 : Introduction to...

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