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wk4Indians - 1 22 eoplrn ncps oF INDIcfw_NS catoooNs AND...

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1 22 eoplr¿n n¡¡cps oF INDI{NS: catoooNs AND coMMENTÄRy, 1913-1916 Inferior or Onty DifferenL2 There is a school of race philosophy that propagates the idea that the -b,þnde Aryan or whire ma¡ is the destinåd J-"i ãJit lirî. ä ¡r" World. A closer analysis would show Ur"t t¡" *r"-i.L-åir¡*i" ä""1 are as a rule, self-admiring egotists, whose emotional n"tu."ì.1; "uy the least erratic- . ,Dr. Franz Boas, one of the greatest anrhropologísts, in a recent ar_ ticle n Eaerybod.y\ Magazine, discusses this beï"f äà Ját". tn"üt fr^ no foundation in observed facl He intimates tfr"i i- àã."fv JrTï"" "i ihe dominant idea of the north European that he is a superior man by virhre of his blood and race. Very "pUy t " ,"rn-k", "1îi" ;;doîor* vails among 9ur^selveg.wirh "qua ioiä, f* ;;hrk" .o; tãäîo"", rne orrunous lnflux of inJerior races from eastern Europe. Inferior by heredityl No. Socially dFerent? yes; on accou¡t oi ureãriviriäãnt in which they have lived, a¡d therefore differ""t û.o; ;.;ir;.:.;' 6 WorldWar tr More than ten thousand Native America¡ men served in World War I, nearly onefourth of the eligible adult population. B-lgU ard 19-14, Indian "doughboys" from A¡izona, -Irke Aïncan Alnencans. Iolceo India¡ soldiers were with the Iiish in the America¡ Civiì grants in the Sp¿nish-American co: people an opporhrnity to participate in a great national drama, in the process linking their o\vlì ethniciry to a patriotic cause. For the most par! American Indi¿¡s welcomed the cha¡ce to serve the war. Some 6,500 Native Americar mçn-wgl9-d4fedjntg-the -llitary, *¿ " were rare, despite the fact that many of the new soldiers were not yet citizens of the nation they were being called on to protect. In addition to providing soldiers to the militz¡y, the American Indian commudry collectively bought more than $25 million worth of war bonds (approx- to serve m segregated units. ln fact, imately $75 for every Native person in the country) and made sub- stantial contributíons to the Red Cross and other war-rêlated charities. scouts and Manffi elaborate cèrernonies, conflict, World War I gave Native supported them while they were away by planting victory gardens, and welcomed home survivors with dances and celebrations. Still, the irony of serving a nation that had dispossessed them, and of fightìng to defend "democracy''when thei¡ own communities were ruled by the India¡ Office, was not lost on Indian people. They understood the or, 'lrarriors" r23 r'a.." :l ! I i : l' ri
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L24 call. to -service, but they would insist on significant compensation for thei¡ efforl ,,, T,.-J"[r_*Tg documents present ûve India¡ comment¡ries on ïo.,9 *T l. demonstrating the accuracy of a recent schola-Cs asser_ uon that t¡e war years marked ..a cultural watershed in modern Native þerican history."' Fi¡st, *,riting i¡r his newslener W""i¡iîàn"" tivity.
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