LEED V4 Reference Guide for BDC updated 08-2019.pdf - Updated August 2019 Updated August 2019 i COPYRIGHT Copyright \u00a9 2013 by the U.S Green Building

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Unformatted text preview: Updated August 2019 Updated August 2019 i COPYRIGHT Copyright © 2013 by the U.S. Green Building Council. All rights reserved. The U.S. Green Building Council, Inc. (USGBC) devoted significant time and resources to create this LEED Reference Guide for Building Design and Construction, LEED v4 Edition. USGBC authorizes individual use of the Reference Guide. In exchange for this authorization, the user agrees: 1. to retain all copyright and other proprietary notices contained in the Reference Guide, 2. not to sell or modify the Reference Guide, and 3. not to reproduce, display, or distribute the Reference Guide in any way for any public or commercial purpose, including display on a website or in a networked environment. Unauthorized use of the Reference Guide violates copyright, trademark, and other laws and is prohibited. The text of the federal and state codes, regulations, voluntary standards, etc., reproduced in the Reference Guide is used under license to USGBC or, in some instances, in the public domain. All other text, graphics, layout, and other elements of content in the Reference Guide are owned by USGBC and are protected by copyright under both United States and foreign laws. NOTE: for downloads of the Reference Guide: Redistributing the Reference Guide on the internet or otherwise is STRICTLY prohibited even if offered free of charge. DOWNLOADS OF THE REFERENCE GUIDE MAY NOT BE COPIED OR DISTRIBUTED. THE USER OF THE REFERENCE GUIDE MAY NOT ALTER, REDISTRIBUTE, UPLOAD OR PUBLISH THIS REFERENCE GUIDE IN WHOLE OR IN PART, AND HAS NO RIGHT TO LEND OR SELL THE DOWNLOAD OR COPIES OF THE DOWNLOAD TO OTHER PERSONS. DISCLAIMER None of the parties involved in the funding or creation of the Reference Guide, including the USGBC, its members, its contractors, or the United States government, assume any liability or responsibility to the user or any third parties for the accuracy, completeness, or use of or reliance on any information contained in the Reference Guide, or for any injuries, losses, or damages (including, without limitation, equitable relief ) arising from such use or reliance. Although the information contained in the Reference Guide is believed to be reliable and accurate, all materials set forth within are provided without warranties of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to warranties of the accuracy or completeness of information contained in the training or the suitability of the information for any particular purpose. As a condition of use, the user covenants not to sue and agrees to waive and release the U.S. Green Building Council, its members, its contractors, and the United States government from any and all claims, demands, and causes of action for any injuries, losses, or damages (including, without limitation, equitable relief ) that the user may now or hereafter have a right to assert against such parties as a result of the use of, or reliance on, the Reference Guide. U.S. Green Building Council 2101 L Street, NW Suite 500 Washington, DC 20037 TRADEMARK LEED® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Green Building Council. LEED Reference Guide for Building Design and Construction LEED v4 Edition ISBN #978-1-932444-19 ii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS TheLEED Reference Guide for Building Design and Construction, 2013 Edition, has been made possible only through the efforts of many dedicated volunteers, staff members, and others in the USGBC community. The Reference Guide drafting was managed and implemented by USGBC staff and consultants and included review and suggestions by many Technical Advisory Group (TAG) members. We extend our deepest gratitude to all of our LEED committee members who participated in the development of this guide, for their tireless volunteer efforts and constant support of USGBC’s mission: LEED Steering Committee Joel Todd, Chair Bryna Dunn, Vice-Chair Felipe Faria Elaine Hsieh Susan Kaplan Malcolm Lewis Muscoe Martin Lisa Matthiessen Brenda Morawa Tim Murray Sara O'Mara Bruce Poe Alfonso Ponce David Sheridan Lynn Simon Doug Gatlin (Non-voting) Scot Horst (Non-voting) Brendan Owens (Non-voting) Peter Templeton (Non-voting) Joel Ann Todd Moseley Architects Green Building Council Brasil KEMA Services BuildingWrx Cadmus Group M2 Architecture Integral Group Integrated Environmental Solutions Morris Architects Choate Construction Company Modus Architecture Collaborative Deloitte Finance Aqua Cura Thornton Tomasetti U.S. Green Building Council U.S. Green Building Council U.S. Green Building Council U.S. Green Building Council LEED Technical Committee Susan Kaplan, Chair Maureen McGeary Mahle, Vice-Chair Jennifer Atlee Steve Baer Ted Bardacke Steve Benz Neal Billetdeaux David Bracciano Daniel Bruck David Carlson Jenny Carney Mark Frankel Nathan Gauthier George Brad Guy Michelle Halle Stern Malcolm Lewis John McFarland Jessica Millman Neil Rosen Thomas Scarola Chris Schaffner Marcus Sheffer Sheila Sheridan Bob Thompson Alfred Vick BuildingWrx Steven Winter Associates BuildingGreen Five Winds International Global Green USA OLIN SmithGroupJJR Alliance for Water Efficiency BRC Acoustics & Audiovisual Design Columbia University YR&G New Buildings Institute EA Buildings Catholic University of America The Green Facilitator Cadmus Group Working Buildings LLC The Agora Group North Shore LIJ Health System Tishman Speyer The Green Engineer 7group Sheridan Associates U.S. Environmental Protection Agency University of Georgia iii LEED Market Advisory Committee Lisa Matthiessen, Chair Holley Henderson, Vice-Chair Liana Berberidou-Kallivoka Jeffrey Cole Walter Cuculic Rand Ekman Richard Kleinman Craig Kneeland Muscoe Martin Cindy Quan Matt Raimi Jon Ratner Marcus Sheffer Rebecca Stafford Gary Thomas Keith Winn Integral Group H2Ecodesign City of Austin Konstrukt Pulte Homes Cannon Design LaSalle Investment Management NYSERDA M2 Architecture Goldman Sachs & Co. Raimi + Associates Forest City Enterprises 7group University of California, Office of President CB Richard Ellis Catalyst Partners Implementation Advisory Committee Brenda Morawa, Chair Adam Fransen, Vice-Chair Michelle Malanca Brad Pease Ken Potts Richard Schneider Greg Shank David Sheridan Natalie Terrill Bill Worthen Max Zahniser Integrated Environmental Solutions CB Richard Ellis Michelle Malanca Sustainability Consulting Paladino and Co. McGough U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center Altura Associates Aqua Cura Viridian Energy & Environmental Urban Fabrick Design Praxis | Building Solutions Location and Planning TAG Jessica Millman, Chair John Dalzell, Vice-Chair Eliot Allen Laurence Aurbach Ted Bardacke Erin Christensen Andy Clarke Fred Dock Bruce Donnelly Victor Dover Reid Ewing Doug Farr Lois Fisher Tim Frank Randy Hansell Justin Horner Ron Kilcoyne Todd Litman Dana Little Art Lomenick Steve Mouzon The Agora Group Boston Redevelopment Authority/ City of Boston Criterion Planners Office of Laurence Aurbach Global Green USA Mithun League of American Bicyclists City of Pasadena Auricity Dover, Kohl, and Partners University of Utah Farr & Associates Fisher Town Design Sierra Club Earth Advantage Institute Natural Resources Defense Council Lane Transit District Victoria Transport Policy Institute Treasure Coast Regional Planning Council Parsons Brinckerhoff New Urban Guild iv Lynn Richards Harrison Rue Shawn Seamen Anthony Sease Laurie Volk Patricia White U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ICF International PN Hoffman Civitech Zimmerman/ Volk Associates Defenders of Wildlife Sustainable Sites TAG Jenny Carney, Chair Neal Billetdeaux, Vice-Chair Michele Adams Joby Carlson Laura Case Stephen Cook Richard Heinisch Heather Holdridge Jason King Katrina Rosa Kyle Thomas Alfred Vick Teresa Watkins Steve Benz YR&G SmithGroupJJR Meliora Environmental Design University of Arkansas Southface Energy Institute VIKA Acuity Brands Lighting Lake | Flato Architects Greenworks, PC The EcoLogic Studio Natural Systems Engineering University of Georgia St. John's Water Management District OLIN Water Efficiency TAG Neil Rosen, Chair Doug Bennett, Vice-Chair Damann Anderson Gunnar Baldwin Robert Benazzi Steve Benz Neal Billetdeaux David Bracciano David Carlson Ron Hand Bill Hoffman Winston Huff Joanna Kind Heather Kinkade Gary Klein John Koeller Shawn Martin Don Mills Geoff Nara Karen Poff Shabbir Rawalpindiwala Robert Rubin Stephanie Tanner David Viola Bill Wall Daniel Yeh Rob Zimmerman North Shore LIJ Health System Las Vegas Valley Water District / Southern Nevada Water Authority Hazen & Sawyer TOTO USA Jaros Baum & Bolles OLIN SmithGroupJJR Alliance for Water Efficiency Columbia University E/FECT. Sustainable Design Solutions H.W. Hoffman and Associates SSR Engineers Eastern Research Group Forgotten Rain Affiliated International Management Koeller and Company International Code Council Clivus Multrum Civil & Environmental Consultants Austin Energy Kohler NCSU US Environmental Protection Agency International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials Clivus New England University of South Florida Kohler v Energy and Atmosphere TAG Nathan Gauthier, Chair Jeremy Poling, Vice-Chair John Adams Amanda Bogner Kevin Bright Lane Burt Allan Daly Charles Dorgan Jay Enck Ellen Franconi Scott Frank Gail Hampsmire Tia Heneghan Rusty Hodapp Brad Jones Dan Katzenberger Doug King Chris Ladner Richard Lord Bob Maddox Rob Moody Brenda Morawa Paul Raymer Erik Ring David Roberts Michael Rosenberg Greg San Martin Chris Schaffner Marcus Sheffer Gordon Shymko Jason Steinbock Jorge Torres Coto Tate Walker EA Buildings Goby General Services Administration The Energy Studio Harvard University Natural Resources Defense Council Taylor Engineering University of Wisconsin-Madison Commissioning & Green Building Solutions Rocky Mountain Institute Jaros Baum & Bolles Low Energy Low Cost ZIA for Buildings Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Board Sebesta Blomberg Engineering, Energy, and the Environment King Sustainability Viridian Carrier Corporation Sterling Planet Organic Think BVM Engineering Heyoka Solutions LPA National Renewable Energy Laboratory Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PG&E The Green Engineer 7group G.F. Shymko & Associates The Weidt Group MBO Energy Center of Wisconsin Materials and Resources TAG Steve Baer, Chair Brad Guy, Vice-Chair Paul Bertram Paul Bierman-Lytle Steve Brauneis Amy Costello Chris Geiger Barry Giles Avi Golen Lee Gros Rick Levin Joep Meijer Xhavin Sinha Raymond Smith Wes Sullens Denise Van Valkenburg PE INTERNATIONAL/ Five Winds Strategic Consulting Material Reuse Kingspan Insulated Panels, North America Pangeon/ iMCC Management Consulting Rocky Mountain Institute Armstrong World Industries San Francisco Department of the Environment BuildingWise Construction Waste Management Lee Gros Architect and Artisan Kahler Slater The Right Environment CH2M HILL U.S. Environmental Protection Agency StopWaste.Org of Alameda County Eurofins vi Indoor Environmental Quality TAG Daniel Bruck, Chair Michelle Halle Stern, Vice-Chair Sahar Abbaszadeh Terry Brennan Aida Carbo Randal Carter Wenhao Chen Nancy Clanton Dan Dempsey Larry Dykhuis Dwayne Fuhlhage Stowe Hartridge Beam Dan Int-Hout Alexis Kurtz Matt Latchford David Lubman Richard Master John McFarland Bud Offermann Reinhard Oppl Ozgem Ornektekin Charles Salter Chris Schaffner Dana Schneider Dennis Stanke Don Stevens Bob Thompson Ellen Tohn Prasad Vaidya BRC Acoustics & Audiovisual Design The Green Facilitator The Cadmus Group Camroden Associates UL Environment Steelcase California Department of Public Health Clanton & Associates Carrier Herman Miller PROSOCO Scientific Certification Systems Krueger The Sextant Group Lam Partners David Lubman & Associates USG Corporation WorkingBuildings Indoor Environmental Engineering Eurofins Product Testing A/S New York University Salter Associates The Green Engineer Jones Lang LaSalle Trane Commercial Systems Panasonic Home and Environment Company U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Tohn Environmental Strategies The Weidt Group Pilot Credit Library Working Group Marc Cohen (Chair) Lindsay Baker Cheryl Baldwin James Bogdan Carlie Bullock-Jones Paul Firth Mick Schwedler Steve Taylor Richard Young The Cadmus Group Mary Davidge Associates GreenSeal PPG Industries Ecoworks Studio UL Environment Trane Taylor Engineering Fisher-Nickel Integrative Process Task Group Lindsay Baker John Boecker Penny Bonda Jenny Carney Joel Todd Bill Reed Heather Rosenberg Linda Sorrento Keith Winn Bill Worthen Max Zahniser Mary Davidge Associates 7group Ecoimpact Consulting YR&G Joel Ann Todd Integrative Design Collaborative The Cadmus Group National Academy of Environmental Design Catalyst Partners Urban Fabrik Praxis | Building Solutions vii A special thanks to USGBC and GBCI staff for their invaluable efforts in developing this reference guide, especially to the following for their technical expertise: Emily Alvarez, Eric Anderson, Theresa Backhus, Lonny Blumenthal, Amy Boyce, Steve Brauneis, Sarah Buffaloe, Sara Cederberg, Christopher Davis, Robyn Eason, Corey Enck, Sean Fish, Asa Foss, Deon Glaser, Scott Haag, Gail Hampsmire, Jason Hercules, Jackie Hofmaenner, Theresa Hogerheide, Mika Kania, Heather Langford, Christopher Law, Rebecca Lloyd, Emily Loquidis, Chrissy Macken, Chris Marshall, Batya Metalitz, Larissa Oaks, Lauren Riggs, Jarrod Siegel, Micah Silvey, Ken Simpson, Megan Sparks, Rebecca Stahlnecker, and Tim Williamson. A special thanks to Jessica Centella, Selina Holmes, and Dave Marcus for their graphics support and eye for design. A thank you also goes to Scot Horst, Doug Gatlin, and Brendan Owens for their vision and support, and Meghan Bogaerts for her hard work, attention to detail and flair for writing. A very special thanks to Dara Zycherman, staff lead on the development of the LEED v4 Reference Guide suite, for her unwavering commitment to quality and her dedication to the production of the guides. A special thanks to the consultant team which included Arup, CBRE, C.C. Johnson & Malhotra, Criterion Planners, Goby, Paladino & Co., Post Typography, West Main, and YR&G, and the unique artwork created for this publication by RTKL Associates. LEED REFERENCE GUIDE FOR BUILDING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE 4 GETTING STARTED 8 MINIMUM PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS 27 RATING SYSTEM SELECTION GUIDANCE 33 INTEGRATIVE PROCESS 37 Prerequisite Integrative Project Planning and Design..................................................................... 37 Credit Integrative Process............................................................................................................................43 LOCATION AND TRANSPORTATION 55 LT Overview......................................................................................................................................................... 55 LT Credit LEED for Neighborhood Development Location.........................................................59 LT Credit Sensitive Land Protection........................................................................................................63 LT Credit High-Priority Site........................................................................................................................... 71 LT Credit Surrounding Density and Diverse Uses............................................................................. 77 LT Credit Access to Quality Transit..........................................................................................................89 LT Credit Bicycle Facilities............................................................................................................................99 LT Credit Reduced Parking Footprint...................................................................................................... 111 LT Credit Green Vehicles...............................................................................................................................121 SUSTAINABLE SITES 137 SS Overview........................................................................................................................................................137 SS Prerequisite Construction Activity Pollution Prevention.......................................................139 SS Prerequisite Environmental Site Assessment..............................................................................147 SS Credit Site Assessment..........................................................................................................................153 SS Credit Site Development—Protect or Restore Habitat...........................................................163 SS Credit Open Space...................................................................................................................................177 SS Credit Rainwater Management...........................................................................................................183 SS Credit Heat Island Reduction..............................................................................................................197 SS Credit Light Pollution Reduction..................................................................................................... 207 SS Credit Site Master Plan..........................................................................................................................225 SS Credit Tenant Design and Construction Guidelines............................................................... 229 SS Credit Places of Respite........................................................................................................................237 SS Credit Direct Exterior Access............................................................................................................ 243 LEED REFERENCE GUIDE FOR BUILDING DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION SS Credit Joint Use of Facilities.............................................................................................................. 249 WATER EFFICIENCY 257 WE Overview....................................................................................................................................................257 WE Prerequisite Outdoor Water Use Reduction............................................................................ 259 WE Prerequisite Indoor Water Use Reduction................................................................................ 269 WE Prerequisite Building-Level Water Metering............................................................................ 285 WE Credit Outdoor Water Use Reduction........................................................................................ 289 WE Credit Indoor Water Use Reduction............................................................................................. 301 WE Credit Cooling Tower Water Use...................................................................................................309 WE Credit Water Metering..........................................................................................................................315 ENERGY AND ATMOSPHERE 323 EA Overview......................................................................................................................................................323 EA Prerequisite Fundamental Commissioning and Verification..............................................325 EA Prerequisite Minimum Energy Performance............................................................................. 339 EA Prerequisite Building-Level Energy Metering........................................................................... 387 EA Prerequisite Fundamental Refrigerant Management............................................................ 393 EA Credit Enhanced Commissioning................................................................................................... 399 EA Credit Optimize Energy Performance..........
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