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Lecture+1+What+Is+Morality

Lecture+1+What+Is+Morality - The Rule Utilitarian Argument...

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Lecture 1: What is Morality INTA 2030: Ethics and International Affairs 1/19/2011
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Begin with a General Definition…  Morality is about nothing less than how we ought to live – attributed to Socrates in Plato’s Republic
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The Story of baby Theresa Born with anencephaly. Very short life (days) and even then without consciousness Her parents and physicians wanted to donate her organs for transplant to children in desperate need Florida law required that the donor be dead for organ removal, but by then her organs had deteriorated too much
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What Do You Think? Were Theresa’s parents and doctors right or was their proposition “horrendous?” T = Her parents were right F = The Florida law is morally right
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Interpreting Theresa’s Story Morally Three ways to think about this story morally: The Act Utilitarian Argument The Kantian Argument
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Unformatted text preview: The Rule Utilitarian Argument Good Reason in Moral Argument Strong feelings are often a sign of moral seriousness, but they can also be misleading So, how can we make a good moral claim? What do moral claims involve? Impartiality in Moral Argument No privileged persons Close to the requirement of good reason “Impartiality is a rule that forbids us from treating one person differently from another when there is no good reason to do so .” (Rachels 1999) Rachels’ Minimum Conception of Morality Morality is at least the effort to guide one’s conduct by reason while giving equal weight to the interests of each individual who will be affected by one’s conduct The conscientious moral agent is someone who acts with impartial concern for the interests of everyone affected...
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