Lecture+10+Communitarianism+II

Lecture+10+Communitarianism+II -...

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Lecture 10: Communitaranism and Just War  II INTA 2030: Ethics and International Affairs 3/4/2011
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6 Propositions on a Theory of Aggression 1. There is an international society of independent  states 2. There is an international law establishing member  states’ rights (territorial integrity and sovereignty) 3. Aggression against a state’s rights is a criminal act 4. Self-defense by the victim and a war of law  enforcement are justified responses to aggression 5. Nothing but aggression can justify war 6. Once the aggressor has been militarily repulsed, it  can also be punished
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Preemptive and Preventive Warfare Spectrum from preventive to preemptive war in  anticipation of attack Preventive war Distant danger Unconstrained judgment and free decision Preemptive war: Imminent danger Reflexive, necessary response
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The Crime of Preventive War Prevention war is justified to retain the balance of  power The balance of power is worth defending, and it is better  to address power imbalances sooner rather than later The problem with this reasoning is that it prescribes  actions based on fear Moral actions regarding war should be based on the  sense of threat, not the sense of fear
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The Morality of Preemptive War Concerned with such actions as military alliances,  mobilizations, troop movements, naval blockades These suggest a sufficient threat for preemptive war Characterized by the presence of real-life, not imaginary, 
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Lecture+10+Communitarianism+II -...

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