reading - subjective certainty • Decide whether the...

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1 The SEARCH Formula 1. S tate the claim 2. Examine the E vidence for the claim 3. Consider A lternative Hypotheses 4. R ate, according to the C riteria of adequacy, each H ypothesis From Weird Things, Ch. 9, p. 252 1. State the Claim Use terms that are clear and specific. "Clear" means the terms used have a well- defined meaning. "Specific" means that a vague claim has been restated as a more concrete example. Example from WT: --Not Useful: Astrology is true. --Better: Astrologers can correctly identify someone's personality traits by using sun signs. 2. Examine the Evidence for the Claim Determine the exact nature and limitations of the empirical evidence. (Reasonable doubts?) Discover if any of the reasons given in support of a claim deserve to be disqualified. (e.g. faith, unfounded intuition,
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Unformatted text preview: subjective certainty) • Decide whether the hypothesis in question actually explains the evidence. 3. Consider Alternative Hypotheses • Be creative and maintain an open mind. • Include reasons that support the hypothesis • If a paranormal hypothesis is offered, find alternative, natural ones as well. • Resist personal biases that limit the hypotheses offered. Step 4: Rate each Hypothesis using the Criteria of adequacy • Testability (Can the hypothesis be tested?) • Fruitfulness (Are there many observable, surprising predictions?) • Scope (How many things can be explained?) • Simplicity (Is this the simplest explanation?) • Conservatism (Do established laws and theories conflict with the hypothesis?)...
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