reading - subjective certainty) • Decide whether the...

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1 The SEARCH Formula 1. S tate the claim 2. Examine the E vidence for the claim 3. Consider A lternative Hypotheses 4. R ate, according to the C riteria of adequacy, each H ypothesis From Weird Things, Ch. 9, p. 252 1. State the Claim Use terms that are clear and specific. "Clear" means the terms used have a well- defined meaning. "Specific" means that a vague claim has been restated as a more concrete example. Example from WT: --Not Useful: Astrology is true. --Better: Astrologers can correctly identify someone's personality traits by using sun signs. 2. Examine the Evidence for the Claim • Determine the exact nature and limitations of the empirical evidence. (Reasonable doubts?) • Discover if any of the reasons given in support of a claim deserve to be disqualified. (e.g. faith, unfounded intuition,
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Unformatted text preview: subjective certainty) • Decide whether the hypothesis in question actually explains the evidence. 3. Consider Alternative Hypotheses • Be creative and maintain an open mind. • Include reasons that support the hypothesis • If a paranormal hypothesis is offered, find alternative, natural ones as well. • Resist personal biases that limit the hypotheses offered. Step 4: Rate each Hypothesis using the Criteria of adequacy • Testability (Can the hypothesis be tested?) • Fruitfulness (Are there many observable, surprising predictions?) • Scope (How many things can be explained?) • Simplicity (Is this the simplest explanation?) • Conservatism (Do established laws and theories conflict with the hypothesis?)...
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2011 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Kay during the Spring '07 term at S.F. State.

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