Exam2StudyGuide

Exam2StudyGuide - Phil.110Olsen Exam2StudyGuide 1. What is...

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Phil. 110 – Olsen Exam 2 Study Guide 1. What is the difference between ambiguity and vagueness? (p. 135, Royse) 2. Understand these three types of ambiguity and be able to identify an instance of each: Referential – Example: Syntactic – Example: Semantic (also known as the fallacy of equivocation ) – Example: 3. How do we analyze an if-then statement? 4. Deductive arguments intend to prove their conclusions as _____ true, while inductive arguments intend to prove their conclusions as ______ true. Hint : the word “probably” and the presence of an analogy means it is inductive. Hint : the presence of a statement of the form “All x are y” or a conclusion like “no x are y” tend to be part of a DEDUCTIVE argument. 5. What is an inference? 6. Understand the difference between reportive, stipulative and persuasive definitions. a. Reportive definitions – something you would find in a dictionary or resource book b. Stipulative definition – where we create a meaning for a word
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Phil. 110 – Olsen
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This note was uploaded on 09/16/2011 for the course PHIL 110 taught by Professor Kay during the Spring '07 term at S.F. State.

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Exam2StudyGuide - Phil.110Olsen Exam2StudyGuide 1. What is...

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