stdy_guide_5_Sp09[1]

stdy_guide_5_Sp09[1] - S tu d y G u id e fo r E x a m 5 S p...

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Study Guide for Exam 5 Spring 2009, Biology 100 In the text, read relevant material in chapters 11, 13, 13a, 7, 8 and 8a. There are additional readings on Electronic Reserves on the immune and nervous system, if you want to use them. Be sure to review your study guide for exams 3 and 4. The final will cover new material starting with blood and the immune and nervous systems integrated with the endocrine system and cancers. The rest will be on older material from development to mitosis, cancer, meiosis, chromosomal aberrations, and genetics. . Below is the list of terms from new material. Blood Plasma Components of Blood pH Compensation with the lungs Compensation with kidneys Red blood cells – role of Role of capillaries Anemia ThreeTypes of White blood cells – role of Immune System Pathogens Viruses Antivirals Bacteria Protozoa Antibiotics Innate, non-specific immunity Phagocytes Pharmokinetic chemical-secreting cells histamines Inflammatory response redness swelling heat tenderness Antigens (Ag) self antigens non-self Ag Acquired, specific immunity Lymphocytes 1) Bind Ag in receptor 2) Second signal proliferation to A) memory lymphocytes B) effector lymphocytes CD4+ T cells Antigen presenting cells (APCs) Activation TCr binds Ag on APC APC stimulation Proliferation T H cells Memory T H cells Cytokine release B cells General role in immune response Activation BCr binds Ag – free Ag T H cell cytokine stimulation Proliferation Plasma B-cells Memory B-cells Plasma cells Antibodies (Ab) Abs Neutralization: bind antigen – block infection Phagocytosis: signal phagocytes to engulf Puncture microbial pathogen First immune response to specific antigen Second immune response to specific antigen CD8+ T cells General role in immune response Infected body cell (IBC) Activation TCr binds Ag on IBC T H cell cytokine stimulation Proliferation Cytotoxic T-cells (CTLs) Memory Tc cells HIV/AIDS – cells virus infects and
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stdy_guide_5_Sp09[1] - S tu d y G u id e fo r E x a m 5 S p...

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