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Chapter 12 Congress

Chapter 12 Congress - House conference/caucus Committee...

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Campaign committee Budget committee Whip Majority leader Policy committee* Speaker Rules committee Committee members and chairpersons House conference/caucus – All members of party in House Chapter 12 Congress Congress: Representing the American People -Congress = mot important representative institution in American government -Each member’s responsibility is to his or her district/constituency -Constituency – the residents in the area from which an official is elected House and Senate: Differences in Representation -Framers of the Constitution provided for a bicameral legislature -Bicameral – having a legislative assembly composed of two chambers or houses -Members of the Senate: appointed by state legislatures for 6-year terms -Senates represent the elite members of society -The people elect members of the House and Senate -435 members of the House – elected from districts -100 members of the Senate – elected by state – 2 Senators from each state -Legislative Process: -The Senate: more deliberative -All ideas that senators raise can receive a thorough public airing. -The House: centralized and more organized -The House leaders have more control over the legislative process and allow House members to specialize certain legislative areas. Differences between the House and the Senate HOUSE SENATE Minimum age of member 25 years 30 years U.S. citizenship At least 7 years At least 9 years Length of term 2 years 6 years Number representing each state 1-53 per state (depends on population) 2 per state Constituency Tends to be local Both local and national Sociological versus Agency Representation -A representative claims to act or speak for some other person or group. -How one person might be trusted to speak for another: 1. If the two individuals are so similar in background, character, interests, and perspectives that anything said by one would very likely reflect the views of the other as well. (Sociological representation) 2. If the two are formally bound together so that the representative is in some way accountable to those he or she is supposed to represent. (Agency representation) -Sociological representation – a type of representation in which representatives have the same racial gender, ethnic, religious, or educational backgrounds as their constituents. It is based on the principle that if two individuals are similar in background, character,
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