Chapter 15

Chapter 15 - Judicial Branch Overview What are the...

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Judicial Branch Overview •What are the functions of the judicial branch? Characteristics? •Interactions with other branches? •What is the structure of the branch? •What is the selection procedure for Judges? Getting Familiar with the Legal System Judicial Federalism: **Federal Court system that only involves federal laws **50 state court systems: each state is sovereign; each state has its own legal system Courtroom: -The judge bench is in middle because: -He is supposed to be the “neutral referee” -The court is supposed to be a neutral arena where disputes are solved -Courts are organized in a way cases are civil or criminal •Adversary System –Criminal Law -The branch of law that regulates the conduct of individuals, defines crimes, and specifies punishment for criminal acts -Crimes committed against basic order -Could be put in prison -Most are written by state -Most states write the criminal code and determine what is a crime –Civil Law -The branch of law that deals with disputes that do not involve criminal penalties -Has to do with a breech of contract (money to relationships) -Over the relationships that exist between the individuals -Cannot be put in prison
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Chapter 15 - Judicial Branch Overview What are the...

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