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ethno paper 1

ethno paper 1 - Students are required to write one short...

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Students are required to write one short essay examining the similarities and differences between Ragtime and Blues. Explain why each genre was essential to the emergence of Jazz. Site specific musicians and note their contributions. In addition to information in the tex t, you will also be expected to conduct library research for varying views on the topic (see course bibliography for suggestions). The essay should be 4-5 pages in length (Double-spaced, 12 point font). The short essay is due Friday, October 15, in section. Your TA will provide additional instructions and essay guidelines Beginning in the early 20 th century Jazz is believed to have originated in the Southern United States within the African American communities of New Orleans. Although the definition and exact origins of jazz are widely debated, there is no question that the genre of music we know now as Jazz was strongly influenced by two specific genres known as the Blues and Ragtime. Before formally taking on the name blues, the blues originated within the slave communities of the south as spritual songs and narrative ballads. As African and European musical cultures began to merge, the blues became a unique blend of both African and European musical traditions that did not exist anywhere else before its emergence in the United States. Eventually the blues began to take form characterized by specific chord progressions, of which the twelve bar blues chord progression is the most common. Similar to the blues, Ragtime originated within the United States during the 1890s. Used as a popular dance music within New Orleans, ragtime was distinguished by its heavy syncopation, or “ragged” rhythm. Although ragtime and the blues are considered separate genres of music, ragtime and blues share significant similarities, each of which contributed heavily to the emergence of jazz. The blues and Ragtime each carry distinct characteristics that define them as specific genres of music, however both share numberous similarities. One of the most significant differences between the two genres is the use of improvisation. The blues is based on three chords, throughout a, most often, 12 bar progression. Unlike ragtime, which is, pre written, the blues follows this 12 bar chord progression, however has much more liberty with improvisation. Thus unlike blues, ragtime requires musicians to be musically educated, while blues is based more upon the ear and improvisation. Outside of the general form, the two genres possess additional nuances that separate them from each other. Rythmically, ragtime is distinguished from the blues by its defining factor, heavy syncopation. The defining characteristic of ragtime music is a specific type of syncopation in which melodic accents occur between metrical beats. This results
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in a melody that seems to be avoiding some metrical beats of the accompaniment by emphasizing notes that either anticipate or follow the beat. The ultimate (and intended) effect on the listener is actually to accentuate the beat, thereby inducing the listener to move to the music. Unlike ragtime, rhythmically the blues is generally restricted to the basic twelve bar framework
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