Chap6_LectureSlides - Chapter6:TheCloakofIdeology...

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Evaluating Professionalism Evaluating Professionalism Chapter 6: The Cloak of Ideology Chapter 6: The Cloak of Ideology
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Functionalist vs. Conflict Model Functionalist: Views professions and  professionalism from a utopian perspective –  oriented toward public service and away from  self-interest Conflict Theory: Views professions as organized  interest groups seeking to eliminate competition  and establish barriers to entry
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Recap of Functionalism 1. Goal of Service: serves all members of society 2. Alliance with Science: decisions on rationally  grounded principles 3. Primacy of Practice - concern is the solution of  practical problems, but professional judgment is  always required; continuing education is a  necessity
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Recap of Functionalism 1. Dedication to career – long hours of  preparation; spend more time at work and spend  leisure time keeping up; live their life for work  2. Autonomous - monopoly over a stock of theory  and skill ( collective  and  individual)
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Recap of Functionalism 1. Established mechanism for influence Control entry through technical training, university  curricula, faculty (develop professional conscious) Entry into practice Socialization Membership in professional organizations
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Recap of Functionalism 1. Meritocracy and collegiality Meritocracy: opportunities are awarded on the basis  of ability Meritocracy in leadership and collegiality among  practitioners are necessary to sustain the trust of  clients Professions are communities with common values  and elicit from their members a high level of conduct  for the public welfare
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Recap of Functionalism 1. The Professional Person Service orientation is a holistic characteristic Possess special intellectual abilities Great interest in work; high moral qualities Has a fiduciary bond with client Compensated well – and deserves it
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Functional or idealogical The goal of the functional description is to  portray the professions in the most impressive  way possible Is the functionalist description realistic? The answer to that question will be examined  using a conflict perspective
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Kultgen, Ch 6 - Cloak of Ideology Conflict Perspective Professionals are organized interest groups seeking scarce  resources such as wealth, prestige, power, and autonomy Professionals make their expertise available to those with  resources rather than humanity at large Professionalism reinforces the social system by exploiting 
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Chap6_LectureSlides - Chapter6:TheCloakofIdeology...

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