Evolution of Management Theory

Evolution of Management Theory - Evolution of Management...

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Evolution of Management Thought Classical Approach (1880-1920) Behavioural Approach (1930s) Contemporary Approach (1950s-1980s) Emerging Practises (1990s-2000s) Classical Approach Systemic Management Adam Smith 1776 wrote Wealth of Nations Who advocated systemization -Effectiveness-Efficiency -Division of labour: assigned tasks -Productivity Focused on definition of duties and responsibilities Led To scientific Management Scientific Management How can management increase the level of worker productivity and motivation? FW Taylor father of management thought, 3’s Use Cash as an incentive Look at a job and break it down into elements Piece Rate system: establish timeframe, for every piece you did = incentive 3’s Standardize Simplify Specialize 4 principles to increase efficiency Taylor 1. Study the way workers perform, gather info and experiment 2. Codify new methods of performing 3. Select workers that match the task 4. Establish a level of performance Benefits of his work Efficiency Productivity improved Problems Oversimplification More work same pay Failed to realize influence of group norms, social needs and pressures.
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Measurement time motion Frank and Lilian Gilbreth One best way to perform a job: break it down and find better way Jobs more repetitive, boring
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course ADM 1300 taught by Professor Koppel during the Fall '08 term at University of Ottawa.

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Evolution of Management Theory - Evolution of Management...

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