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ExamSampleForFinal - Exam #2 Ch. 5-9 1) Polygyny is least...

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Exam #2 – Ch. 5-9 1) Polygyny is least likely in societies A) with more women than men. B) with a long post-partum sex taboo. C) suffering from a high male mortality rate in warfare. D) with balanced sex ratios. 2) Anthropologists are reasonably certain that social stratification A) emerged relatively recently in human history. B) is as old as Homo sapiens. C) does not exist in the United States. D) has occurred only in industrial societies. 3) Among pastoral nomads, wealth is usually measured in A) animals. B) the amount of land people own. c the number of children people have. C) the number of wives a man has. 4) The subsistence strategy that characterized most of human history was A) horticulture. B) irrigation agriculture. C) food collection. D) pastoralism. 5) A society is practicing which form of stratification when the members of the society have equal access to economic resources but not to prestige? A) egalitarian B) caste C) class D) rank 6) Marriage is considered a ________ trait by anthropologists because it is practiced by all societies. A) dominant B) prescriptive C) sensible D) universal 7) The giving of gifts without any immediate return or conscious thought of return is most common in A) wealthier societies.
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B) industrialized societies. C) societies with intensive agriculture. D) societies of food collectors and horticulturalists. 8) In which group were incestuous marriages permitted? A) poor urban African Americans B) the Nuer of East Africa C) the Manbikwara Indians of Brazil D) royal Egyptian families 9) Premarital sex is A) considered good for boys in some societies but is apparently universally discouraged for girls. B) frowned upon by almost all of the world's societies. C) actively encouraged in some societies. D) accepted in some societies but apparently never actively encouraged. 10) Which of the following types of food-getting normally requires the most work? A) tree-top agriculture B) food-collection C) intensive agriculture D) shifting cultivation 11) A(n) ________ is a custom whereby a man is obliged to marry his brother's widow. A) sororate B) exogamy C) endogamy D) levirate 12) The Basseri pastoralists of Iran are characterized by all of the following except A) tents made of goat's hair. B) annual migrations. C) individual ownership of land. D) sales of wood, hides, butter, and livestock. 13) The Samoans do all of the following except A) plant banana trees. B) plant breadfruit trees. C) fish in the open sea. D) plow the land. 14) Before 1950s the Yanomamo did not have steel axes or machetes. Where did they get these tools? A) The government supplied them. B) The Yanomamo discovered metal working around the 1950s.
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C) Missionaries gave them the steel axes and machetes. D) Trade with neighboring communities.
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ExamSampleForFinal - Exam #2 Ch. 5-9 1) Polygyny is least...

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