Exam #1 - Ch. 1-4 1)Anthropology takes a(n) ________ approach that includes a wide geographic and historical range. A) personal B) cultural C) topical D) holistic 2) A human paleontologist would be least interested in A) primates. B) cultural systems. C) fossil evidence of humans. D) sociological relationships. 3) The study of how languages change through time and how they may be related is A) structural linguistics. B) historical linguistics. C) sociolinguistics. D) ethnolinguistics. 4) An ethnographer would A) work in the field for long periods of time. B) work with applied anthropologists in developing foreign aid projects. C) make many cross-cultural comparisons. D) work directly with historians on various projects. 5) Applied anthropologists deal with A) current problems in a society. B) the application of pure research to earlier research efforts. C) past problems suffered by various societies.
D) the application of cultural data to paleontological findings. 6) Prosimians, monkeys, apes, and humans are all members of the order of A) primates. B) humans. C) Homo sapiens. D) primatologists. 7) Anthropology is literally the study of A) human history. B) human population patterns. C) humans. D) the products of human societies. 8) Anthropology includes all of the following except A) why contemporary peoples have different cultures. B) how humans vary biologically. C) how insect colonies are organized. D) when humans first appeared on the earth. 9) Archaeologists know that substantial differences in wealth developed only after ________ years ago. A) 60,000 B) 10,000 C) 6000 D) 1000 10) Which of the following is a physical anthropologist least likely to study? A) fossil dinosaur bones B) chimpanzees C) the composition of human hair
11) Which of the following is least likely to interest an archaeologist? A) ancient garbage heaps B) ancient temples C) pieces of ancient pottery D) dinosaur bones 12) Unlike ethnologists, ethnographers A) describe a given society based on their own fieldwork. B) study societies with writing systems. C) compare societies cross-culturally. D) are interested in "primitive" peoples. 13) The anthropological attitude that a society's customs and ideas should be described objectively and understood in the context of that society's problems and opportunities is called A) ethnocentrism. B) cultural relativism. C) humanistic. D) empathetic. 14) A group within a society that holds commonly shared customs is a A) subculture. B) sodality. C) sub society. D) subgroup. 15) Anthropologists, as well as other social scientists, feel that culture is A) inherited. B) learned and shared.
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