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Unformatted text preview: ANTHROPOLOGY CHAPTER 1 1. What is Anthropology? A discipline of infinite curiosity about human beings. The term is Greek for man, human, study of. Anthropologists are interested in both universals and differences in human populations. How cultures vary. When, why, and how did humans come to be, what has changed through time? Anthropology has been around as a discipline for the last 100 years. 2. What is the scope of anthropology? It is broad in scope both geographically and historically. It is concerned with all varieties of people throughout the world. Also interested in people of all periods. All parts of the world that has humans is of interest. Used to concentrate only on non-western cultures, now they work in western cultures as well. A generalization typically applies widely. 3. The Holistic Approach? A distinguishing feature of the discipline. A multifaceted approach to the study of human beings. Anthropologists study not only the varieties of the people but the many aspects of human experience as well. 4. What Is the anthropological curiosity? Anthropology is broader in scope than any other discipline having to do with humans. Anthropological curiosity mostly focuses on the typical characteristics of human groups and how to understand and explain them. 5. The Fields of Anthropology Two Broad Classifications: Biological (physical) Anthropology is one major field. Cultural Anthropology, which is divided into three subfields: archeology, linguistics, and ethnology (Cultural anth.). Crosscutting these 4 fields is a 5 th called applied or practicing anthropology. 6. Biological Anthropology Seeks to answer two sets of questions. First set includes Questions about the emergence of humans and their evolution (human paleontology or paleoanthropology). Second set includes questions about how and why contemporary human populations vary biologically (human variation). 7. Fossils: hardened remains or impressions. 8. Primates Our closest relatives among the mammals. Ie. Presimians, monkeys, apes and chimps. Anthropologists, psychologists and biologists who study them are called primatologists. 9. Homo Sapiens: All living people belong to this one species. 10. Biological Anthropologist Uses 3 other disciplines, human genetics, population biology, and epidemiology (diseases). Concerned most with human population and how they vary biologically. 11. Cultural Anthropology Concerned with how and why cultures vary or are similar in the past and present. Culture: the customary ways that a particular population or society thinks and behaves. 3 Main branches: Archeology: study of past cultures, primarily by material remains. Anthropological linguistics: language. Ethnology: existing and recent cultures....
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