Chap006sForms - Discounted Cash Flow Valuation Chapter Six...

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Discounted Cash Flow Valuation Chapter Six 1
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Multiple Cash Flows – FV Example 1 Suppose you invest $500 in a mutual fund today and $600 in one year. If the fund pays 9% annually, how much will you have in two years? FV = 500(1.09) 2 + 600(1.09) = 1248.05 2
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Multiple Cash Flows – Example 1 Continued How much will you have in 5 years if you make no further deposits? First way: FV = 500(1.09) 5 + 600(1.09) 4 = 1616.26 Second way – use value at year 2: FV = 1248.05(1.09) 3 = 1616.26 3
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Multiple Cash Flows – FV Example 2 Suppose you plan to deposit $100 into an account in one year and $300 into the account in three years. How much will be in the account in five years if the interest rate is 8%? FV = 100(1.08) 4 + 300(1.08) 2 = 136.05 + 349.92 = 485.97 4
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Multiple Cash Flows – PV Example You are considering an investment that will pay you $1000 in one year, $2000 in two years and $3000 in three years. If you want to earn 10% on your money, how much would you be willing to pay? PV = 1000 / (1.1) 1 = 909.09 PV = 2000 / (1.1) 2 = 1652.89 PV = 3000 / (1.1) 3 = 2253.94 PV = 909.09 + 1652.89 + 2253.94 = 4815.93 5
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Multiple Uneven Cash Flows – Using the Calculator Another way to use the financial calculator for uneven cash flows is to use the cash flow keys Texas Instruments BA-II Plus Press CF and enter the cash flows beginning with year 0. You have to press the “Enter” key for each cash flow Use the down arrow key to move to the next cash flow The “F” is the number of times a given cash flow occurs in consecutive years Use the NPV key to compute the present value by entering the interest rate for I, pressing the down arrow and then compute Clear the cash flow keys by pressing CF and then CLR Work 6
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Decisions, Decisions Your broker calls you and tells you that he has this great investment opportunity. If you invest $100 today, you will receive $40 in one year and $75 in two years. If you require a 15% return on investments of this risk, should you take the investment? Use the CF keys to compute the value of the investment • CF; CF 0 = 0; C01 = 40; F01 = 1; C02 = 75; F02 = 1 NPV; I = 15; CPT NPV = 91.49 No – the broker is charging more than you would be willing to pay. 7
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Annuities and Perpetuities Defined Annuity – finite series of equal payments that occur at regular intervals If the first payment occurs at the end of the period, it is called an ordinary annuity If the first payment occurs at the beginning of the period, it is called an annuity due Perpetuity – infinite series of equal payments 8
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